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Old 11-08-2010, 03:55 PM   #1
Fatal Guillotine
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Default Movers & Shakers of the Sovereign Military Orde of Malta

Quote:
S.M.O.M. The actual smallest sovereign entity in the world is the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (S.M.O.M.). It is located in the city of Rome, Italy, has an area of two tennis courts, and as of 2001 has a population of 80, 20 less people than the Vatican. It is a sovereign entity under international law, just as the Vatican is.

Identity of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta

From Bill Cooper's - Behold a Pale Horse, we read:

Quote:
The Knights of Malta is a world organization with its threads weaving through business, banking, politics, the CIA, other intelligence organizations, P2, religion, education, law, military, think tanks, foundations, the United States Information Agency, the United Nations, and numerous other organizations. They are not the oldest but are one of the oldest branches of the Order of the Quest in existence. The world head of the Knights of Malta is elected for a life term, with the approval of the Pope. The Knights of Malta have their own Constitution and are sworn to work toward the establishment of a New World Order with the Pope at its head. Knights of Malta members are also powerful members of the CFR and the Trilateral Commission. (p.86)

The Knights of Malta ALL have diplomatic immunity. They can ship goods across borders without paying duty or undergoing customs check. Does that ring any bells? In any case, that is power. The Knights of Malta is held up by a backbone consisting of nobility. Nearly half of the 10,000 members belong to Europe's oldest and most powerful families. This cements the alliance between the Vatican and the "Black Nobility." The Black Nobility is mostly the rich and powerful of Europe. The head of the Black Nobility is the family that can claim direct descendancy from the last Roman emperor. Maybe now you can see that things are beginning to fall into their proper place. Membership in the Knights of Malta entails obedience to one's superior in THE ORDER and ultimately to the Pope. Therefore, a U.S. ambassador who is also a member of the Knights of Malta faces a conflict of interest. Why is this fact ignored? President Bush appointed Knight of Malta Thomas Melledy to the post of U.S. Ambassador to the Vatican. (pp.88-89)
Quote:
In their investigations of the SMOM, LaRouche's associates "discovered to their surprise that the mere mention of its name inspires awe and terror in the minds of highly placed government officials, central bankers, senior military and business leaders, and senior diplomatic and intelligence executives," as recorded in a pamphlet issued by the LaRouche organization at the time, "The `Black International' Terrorist Assassination Plot to Kill Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr." The pamphlet further reported, "The power that the Order concentrates is primarily financial, through direct control of most of the Western world's leading investment houses" and far, far more. The pamphlet also noted, "A second source of power is an absolutely unmatched intelligence capability." Which is to say, the SMOM is a leading organizational arm of the Synarchy, bringing together the world's leading aristocrats, financiers, and particularly military and intelligence officials. Its members yearn for the ultramontane world which existed before the rise of sovereign nation-states during the Renaissance, which meant a loss of power and privilege of their families. To them, that vanished world is as if yesterday. Indeed, it has by no means entirely disappeared, but lives on, centered—like the Knights themselves—on the Venetian-descended "independent central banks" of virtually every nation in the world, as LaRouche has emphasized.
http://larouchepub.com/other/2005/32...ck_prince.html

Quote:
KNIGHTS OF DARKNESS

THE SOVEREIGN MILITARY ORDER OF MALTA

INTRODUCTION

The Sovereign Military and Hospitaler Order of St. John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta, known also as the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, or SMOM, is juridically, politically, and historically unique in the world today.

Representing initially the most powerful and reactionary segments of the European aristocracy, for nearly a thousand years beginning with the early crusades of the Twelfth Century, it has organized, funded, and led military operations against states and ideas deemed threatening to its power. It is probably safe to say that the several thousand Knights of SMOM, principally in Europe, North, Central, and South America, comprise the largest most consistently powerful and reactionary membership of any organization in the world today.

Although an exclusively [Roman] Catholic organization, in this century it has collaborated with, and given high awards to non-Catholic extremists in its current crusade against progressive forces in the West, the national liberation movements, and the socialist countries.

To be a Knight, one must not only be from wealthy, aristocratic lineage, one must also have a psychological worldview which is attracted to the "crusader mentality'' of these "warrior monks." Participating in SMOM Ñ including its initiation ceremonies and feudal ritual dress Ñ members embrace a certain caste/class mentality; they are sociologically and psychologically predisposed to function as the ''shock troops" of Catholic reaction. And this is precisely the historical role the Knights have played in the wars against Islam, against the Protestant "heresy,'' and against the Soviet ''Evil Empire."

[...]

SMOM's Sovereign Diplomacy

As its name suggests, SMOM is both a ''sovereign'' and, historically, a "military" organization. Its headquarters, occupying a square block in Rome at 68 Via Condotti, enjoys the extra-territorial legal status granted to an embassy of a sovereign state. The Italian police are not welcome on its territory, it issues its own stamps, and has formal diplomatic relations and exchanges ambassadors with a number of countries.

On November 13, 1951 Italian President Alcide de Gasperi recognized the diplomatic sovereignty of SMOM, although he held off formal exchange of diplomatic envoys.2 On January 11, 1983 the New York Daily News announced that,

"The Vatican and the order of the Knights of Malta, believed to be the smallest sovereign state in the world, have agreed to establish full diplomatic relations, a joint statement said today. "

President Reagan's Ambassador to the Vatican, William Wilson, is, coincidentally, a Knight of Malta.3

On September 5, 1984 French Foreign Minister Claude Cheysson signed a formal protocol with SMOM for various cooperative projects includlng "aid to victims of conflicts."4 (See below on Americares.)


From Illuminatinews.com we read:


Quote:
The Knights of St. John were founded in the late 11th Century, and rose to prominence in the First Crusade of 1095. In 1120, Pope Urban II officially recognized them as a military religious order, and for centuries they remained one of the most powerful military forces in Christendom, first from their headquarters on the island of Rhodes, and then on Malta, from which they were finally driven by Napoleon in the late 18th Century. The Knights were recognized as a sovereign state by a Hapsburg Emperor in the 16th Century. They remain a sovereign state, run from their headquarters at 68 Via Condotti in Rome. They maintain their own fleet of aircraft, have diplomatic relations with 92 nations as well as the United Nations and the Holy See, and enjoy diplomatic immunity. The order is entirely Roman Catholic, and its higher ranks must document an aristocratic lineage and coat-of-arms of at least three centuries. The Grand Master of the order is both a secular prince, and a cardinal of the Church. Reflecting its history, its membership is still heavily comprised of individuals with a military or intelligence background. Pope Pius XII ordered an investigation of this nominally Catholic organization in the 1950s. The Papal Commission charged, among other things, that the Order should not have the sovereignty of a state, and ordered modifications of the SMOM "to bring them into conformity with decisions of the Holy See." However, Pius XII died before the Order could be fully reined in.

In addition to the Roman Catholic SMOM, there are four Protestant orders of the Knights, all founded within the last 150 years or so, and all run by ruling houses of Europe. The Roman Catholic and Protestant orders effectively merged on Nov. 26, 1963, four days after the assassination of John F. Kennedy. The Sovereign Head of the British Knights is Queen Elizabeth, while the Netherlands Knights were headed until his death by the former SS official, Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands, consort of Queen Juliana.
http://www.illuminati-news.com/112606b.htm

Quote:
From: An Encyclopedia of Freemasonry and Its Kindred Sciences," etc. by Albert G. Mackey, M.D., Thirty-Third Degree, Volume I, published by the Masonic History Company, Chicago, New York, & London, 1925, Volume One, pp. 392-95:

"This Order, which at various times in the progress of its history received the names of Knights Hospitalers, Knights of St. John of Jerusalem, Knights of Rhodes, and lastly, Knights of Malta, was one of the most important of the religious and military orders of knighthood which sprang into existence during the Crusades which were instituted for the recovery of the Holy Land. It owes its origin to the Hospitalers of Jerusalem, that wholly religious and charitable Order which was established at Jerusalem, in 1048, by pious merchants of Amalfi for the succor of poor and distressed Latin pilgrims....
[big section on its history over nine centuries]

"The Organization of the Order in its days of prosperity was very complicated, partaking of both a monarchial and a republican character. Over all presided a Grand Master, who, although invested with extensive powers, was still controlled by the legislative action of the General Chapter....

"...There are now two bodies-one Catholic and the other Protestant, but each repudiates the other....
"The degree of Knight of Malta is conferred in the United States as "an appendant Order" in a Commandery of Knights Templar. There is a ritual attached to the degree, but very few are in possession of it, and it is generally communicated after the candidate has been created a Knights Templar...."
[end of quote]

The Knights of Malta are the militia of the Pope, and are sworn to total obedience by a blood oath which is taken extremely seriously and to the death. The Pope as the head of the Vatican is also the head of a foreign national power.

As a member of the Knights of Malta, and by virtue of your blood oath of obedience to the Pope, you are required to support to the death the desires of the head of the Order of the Knights of Malta-in this case, Pope Benedict XVI -over and above any other allegiance you may feel or pretend to feel toward any other loyalty-such as a loyalty to the Constitution for the united States of America.

Those who are presently members of the Knights of Malta must on penalty of death support those policies advocated by the Vatican. It is not hard for them to do this. They BELIEVE in these policies and principles. The polices which are espoused and proclaimed by the office of the Pope are as follows:
1. End of sovereignty for the United States and other countries.
2. End of absolute property rights.
3. End of all gun rights.
4. The new international economic Order (world government).
5. The redistribution of wealth and jobs.
6. Calls for nations to trust the United Nations.
7. Total disarmament.
8. Promote the United Nations as the hope for peace.
9. Promote UNESCO, the deadly educational and cultural arm of the United Nations.
10. Promote interdependence.
11. Support sanctions honoring Father Pierre Teilhard de Chardin-the New Age Humanist Priest.
12. Support the belief that the economic principle of traditional Christian or Catholic social doctrine is the economic principle of communism.
13. Promote the Pope as the acting go-between for the United States and the Soviet Union.

It doesn't really matter what kind of religious or political affiliation a member professes, when they take an oath as a Knight they are obligated by that blood oath of obedience to follow the political lead of the Vatican and will do so to their dying breath-as all good Knights of Malta do. Their first loyalty is to the Vatican, anything else is secondary.
Each and every member is under complete and total obedience to the Vatican's political ambitions.

The "Knights of Malta" are the militia of the Pope. In the book "Behold a Pale Horse" you will find research into this. It is one of the NWO SECRET SOCIETIES that are determined to overrun and destroy America. The Pope is not innocent of this either. The Pope wants to be the leader of the world. He meets with world leaders to promote "peace" as his means of public acceptance. It's a conspiracy of darkness.

Members include: Paul Cain, Mark Joyner, Benny Hinn, Bob Dole, William Casey, former director of the CIA, George H.W. Bush, Pat Buchanan,
Quote:
The American Association of SMOM

In Europe SMOM's membership had been traditionally limited to those who could prove a requisite purity of noble blood for several generations. Nevertheless, as a concession to the rising political, economic, and military power of the United States, in 1927 SMOM agreed to incorporate an American National Association whose members were not obliged to prove their genealogical pedigree.

When the American Association of SMOM was created in 1927 the founding members included Patrick Cardinal Hayes, Edward L. Hearn, Nicholas F. Brady, Howard F. Carry, Patrick E. Crowley, James A. Farrell, James A. Fayne, Edward N. Hurley, James J. Phelan, Morgan J. O'Brien, John J. Raskob, and John D. Ryan.

By 1941 Francis Cardinal Spellman was listed as the "Grand Protector" and "Spiritual Advisor" of the Order, with John J. Raskob as Treasurer. Members included John Farrell, then President of U.S.Steel, Joseph P. Grace, and John D. Ryan. In 1934 Raskob, inspired by the French fascist Croix de Feu, and working closely with Morgan Bank's John Davis, had been a principal financier in the plot to organize a fascist coup in the U.S. The plan failed when General Smedley Butler, who had been set up to lead the project, denounced it.

The 1941 list also included Joseph J. Larkin. According to Charles Higham's Trading With the Enemy (see review in this issue),

Joseph J. Larkin . . . [vice-president of Chase Manhattan Bank in charge of European affairs] kept the Chase Bank open ....... in Nazi-occupied Paris throughout World War II. .... [He] had received the Order of the Grand Cross of the Knights of Malta from Pope Pius XI in 1928. He was an ardent supporter of General Franco and, by extension, Hitler. Morgenthau first suspected him as a fascist sympathizer in Octoher 1936. ..... With the encouragement of Schacht, Larkin took on the Franco account and the Reichsbank account, though the Reichsbank was under the personal control of Hitler. .....
http://www.mosquitonet.com/~prewett/caqsmom25.2.html

Quote:
With headquarters in Rome, the group is recognized by some 40 countries as the world's only landless sovereign nation. In that role the Knights mint coins, print stamps and issue passports to their diplomats. American network.

The U.S. membership of about 1,OOO-70 percent men - accounts for one tenth of the worldwide total. Nearly all are prominent in business, government or professional life and include such well-known figures as Chrysler Chairman Lee Iacocca and Central Intelligence Agency Director William Casey.

At least two U.S. senators also are members: Republicans Jeremiah Denton of Alabama and Pete Domenici of New Mexico.

Other members active in conservative politics include former Secretary of State Alexander Haig, former Treasury Secretary William Simon and columnist William F. Buckley.

The president of the Knights' American branch is J. Peter Grace, chairman of the W.R. Grace Company, which provides a national focus for the organization by including seven other Knights on its board.

The main purpose of the Knights is to honor distinguished Catholics and raise money for charity, especially hospitals. But the close personal ties among members contribute to what some observers call a potent old-boy network of influential decision makers dedicated to thwarting Communism.

The annual induction ceremony for new members at St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York City is the only function of the U.S. chapter open to nonmembers.

Because many Knights and recipients of the Orders honors have worked in or around the CIA, critics sometimes suggest a link between the two.

But members deny any connection, noting that the pattern of conservative members with overseas ties emerges naturally from the order's role as an international defender of the church.
http://www.mosquitonet.com/~prewett/usnewsmar84.html

Quote:
The three Classes

According to the Constitutional Charter, the members of the Order are divided into three Classes. The members are to conduct their lives in an exemplary manner in conformity with the teachings and precepts of the Church and to devote themselves to the humanitarian assistance activities of the Order.

Members of the First Class are Knights of Justice, or Professed Knights, and the Professed Conventual Chaplains, who have made vows of "poverty, chastity and obedience aspiring to perfection according to the Gospel". They are religious for all purposes of Canon Law but are not obliged to live in community.

The members of the Second Class, by virtue of the Promise of Obedience, are committed to living according to Christian principles and the inspiring principles of the Order. They are subdivided into three categories:

- Knights and Dames of Honour and Devotion in Obedience
- Knights and Dames of Grace and Devotion in Obedience
- Knights and Dames of Magistral Grace in Obedience

The Third Class consists of lay members who do not profess religious vows or the Promise, but who live according to the principles of the Church and the Order. They are divided into six categories:

- Knights and Dames of Honour and Devotion
- Conventual Chaplains ad honorem
- Knights and Dames of Grace and Devotion
- Magistral Chaplains
- Knights and Dames of Magistral Grace
- Donats (male and female) of Devotion

The requisites for admission to the various classes and categories are determined by the Code.
http://www.orderofmalta.org/knights_...asp?idlingua=5

Quote:
[...] most knights insist that SMOM is simply a charitable organization. The knights raise money for various philanthropic endeavors, particularly in areas of health care and international relief efforts. They still direct some of the infirmaries and hospitals they established centuries ago, in addition to running modern clinics, research centers, leprosariums and schools for the deaf and blind. SMOM administers a first aid station in St. Peter's Square and has sent volunteer medical personnel to the Muslim and Christian sections of war-torn Beirut.

But charity typifies only the public face of SMOM. In private ceremonies, the knights have decorated Nazi spies and CIA operatives.

Certain SMOM members have been involved in a litany of questionable activities, ranging from secret deals with organized crime to bloody coups in Latin America that have destroyed democratically elected governments.

They have played a significant role in spearheading the cold war revival and the emergence of the New Right in the U.S.

When Casey, Buckley, Luce and others dress in medieval garb, these modern crusaders rekindle the mystical mission to defeat all enemies of their notions of the church.
http://www.mosquitonet.com/~prewett/ncrdateunknown.html


Quote:
In their investigations of the SMOM, LaRouche's associates "discovered to their surprise that the mere mention of its name inspires awe and terror in the minds of highly placed government officials, central bankers, senior military and business leaders, and senior diplomatic and intelligence executives," as recorded in a pamphlet issued by the LaRouche organization at the time, "The `Black International' Terrorist Assassination Plot to Kill Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr." The pamphlet further reported, "The power that the Order concentrates is primarily financial, through direct control of most of the Western world's leading investment houses" and far, far more. The pamphlet also noted, "A second source of power is an absolutely unmatched intelligence capability." Which is to say, the SMOM is a leading organizational arm of the Synarchy, bringing together the world's leading aristocrats, financiers, and particularly military and intelligence officials. Its members yearn for the ultramontane world which existed before the rise of sovereign nation-states during the Renaissance, which meant a loss of power and privilege of their families. To them, that vanished world is as if yesterday. Indeed, it has by no means entirely disappeared, but lives on, centered—like the Knights themselves—on the Venetian-descended "independent central banks" of virtually every nation in the world, as LaRouche has emphasized.

http://larouchepub.com/other/2005/32...ck_prince.html
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Old 11-08-2010, 04:01 PM   #2
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Present Grandmaster of SMOM:

78th Frà Andrew Bertie 1988-

http://www.maltezerorde.nl/gesch_vor...otmeesters.htm

Quote:
The Prince & Grand Master of the Order of Malta, Fra Andrew Bertie, meets with young pilgrims during the Order's annual pilgrimage to the Marian shrine of Loreto in the Italian Marches.
http://www.andrewcusack.com/2009/06/16/smom-peru/

Bertie in Poland May 2007

Quote:
He is English, from London. He is "only" 59 years old, young for his post. He is of the highest nobility: in fact, he has royal blood in his veins. His mother, Lady Jean Crichton Stuart, is a descendant of Mary Stuart, Queen of Scotland, the "Catholic" par excellence, and he is therefore distantly related to Elizabeth II. His father James, a nobleman of ancient British aristocratic stock, with the title of the counts of Lindsay and Abington, was a broker on the London Stock Exchange who, in both world wars, served as an officer in the British Navy. The sister of his father married the brother of Sir Winston Churchill.

This noble geneology belongs to Andrew Willoughby Ninian Bertie, elected April 8 as the 78th Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Order of Malta. ["Knights of Malta" .... JP] He succeeds the Italian Brother Angelo de Mojana di Cologna, who died January 18 after 26 years of rule.

Descended from families and individuals used to governing, this "king without a kingdom" will guide 12,000 Knights scattered throughout the world, and a religious, military and hospital Order inspired by St. John the Baptist, of whom Christ said numquam surrexit maior: "Never has a greater man arisen. "

Brother Bertie was included in a brief list of "outsiders" with a chance to be elected in the period before the Grand Electors of the Order, 35 in all, closed themselves inside the splendid villa designed by Piranesi on Aventine Hill in Rome. His election, as is known, was not a unanimous one, even if, in hindsight, one cannot say he did not fit the requirements that the Holy See had indicated through the Order's Cardinal "patron," Sebastiano Baggio: a young Grand Master, to give the Order a younger character and greater stability. [...]
http://www.mosquitonet.com/~prewett/thirtydays.html

Previous Grandmasters of SMOM:


77th Frà Angelo de Mojana di Cologna 1962 - 1988


76th Frà Ludovico Chigi Albani della Rovere 1931 - 1951


75th Frà Galeas von Thun und Hohenstein 1905 - 1931


for more see:
http://www.maltezerorde.nl/gesch_vor...otmeesters.htm
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Old 11-08-2010, 04:06 PM   #3
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SMOM Insignia, Formal Attire, Flag and Coinage

Quote:
SMOM insignia, the "Maltese Cross" + Lt. Col. Bogle wearing the insignia (src: http://www.andrewcusack.com/blog/smom/ )
Quote:
The insignia of the Order symbolizes the character of the Knights and Dames, and the work they perform on behalf of the Order.

* THE SHIELD with a white cross on a red background from which the insignia hangs represents the ensign of the Order.
* TWIRLED RIBBON represents fidelity.
* SMALL CROSS just above the crown – the wooden cross upon which Christ died.
* THE CROWN directly below the cross – the sovereignty of the Order.
* THE MALTESE CROSS hanging below the crown – the badge of the Order.
* THE FOUR ARMS OF THE CROSS – the virtues of temperance, prudence, justice and fortitude.
* THE WHITE IN THE ARMS OF THE CROSS – purity of deed.
* THE EIGHT POINTS OF THE CROSS – the eight Beatitudes as proclaimed by Christ in his Sermon on the Mount

The photograph is the insignia of a Knight of Magisteral Grace, a member of the third class which is the predominant class.
https://www.maltausa.org/worldwide_insignia.php

The insignia of a Serving Brother of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem (Order of Saint John or OSJ)
http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maltese_Cross (Protestant Branch of SMOM)
For the profession of a OSJ Knight see:

http://vaticanassassins.org/knight_of_justice.htm


SMOM Formal Attire
http://bloggingyoungfogey.blogspot.c...1_archive.html

Quote:
Knights Of Malta - Life Of Pope John Paul II - Proof Crown - Homecoming To Krakow/Arrival Of The Pope In Poland - 10 Liras - 2005
http://www.blackmountaincoins.com/p/...KOM_00250.html


http://coins.mos.net.au/firstpage.htm
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Old 11-08-2010, 04:10 PM   #4
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Evidence versus Proof


In the search for evidence of SMOM membership of some candidate I use the following guidelines:

* The more evidence the merrier. And unless I find satisfactory proof of membership for one particular candidate I will stick to the virtue of multiplicity. The more evidence I am able to find, the more likely membership will be. The reason I am not satisfied with only a couple of references claiming membership is that these sources may be dependent on eachother. With that I mean that these sources may derive their information from the same ancestral source (you could call this externally dependent sources). Another possibility could be that some group of researchers rely on eachother's credibility while the source of a claim of membership is ultimately based on mere speculation by some member of that group. You could call these cyclically dependent sources and, as it ultimately is based on conjecture, this is the weakest and most unreliable form of evidence. Another reason for striving to find as much sources as possible is that Internet references are not as robust as book references since Internet sites tend to be taken down after a while, all the more so if it concerns listing incriminating evidence.

Therefore, since it is typically not known how reliable any set of sources is, the game is to find as many, ideally independent, sources as possible.
* If I find satisfactory proof of membership, the need to find more evidence ceases of course. The amount of evidence I will have gathered to that point in time will thus be corroborated by the proof found. Therefore I will not omit any already procured evidence as it lends credibility to the articles in which they were found, a virtue which may come in useful regarding establishing membership of other candidates. It would also be a waste to throw away research already done.


What is admissible proof for membership?

* Admission of membership on official SMOM websites or through official documents.

Example:

Quote:
Korte geschiedenis van de Orde
Rang van Grootkruis van Eer en Devotie van de Nederlandse Afdeling van de SMH Orde van Malta (tot 1970)

(klik op de namen voor foto's)

1911 J.J.G. baron van Voorst tot Voorst, Baljuw, Voorzitter 1911-1931

1911 H.M. Koningin Wilhelmina

1911 Z.K.H. Prins Hendrik, Hertog van Mecklenburg, Baljuw

1931 Mr E.O.J.M. baron van Hövell van Wezeveld en Westerflier, Baljuw, Voorzitter 1931-1936

1936 L.F.J.M. baron van Voorst tot Voorst, Baljuw, Voorzitter 1936-1939

1943 Z.T.J.F. baron van Dorth tot Medler, Baljuw, Voorzitter 1942-1953, Wnd Voorzitter 1939-1942

1946 Zijne eminentie dr J Kardinaal de Jong, Baljuw

1949 S.K.H. Prins Bernhard, Prins van Lippe Biesterfeld, Baljuw

1952 Mr E.H.J. baron van Voorst tot Voorst, Baljuw, Voorzitter 1953-1964

1952 Ir J.B.G.M. ridder de van der Schueren, Baljuw, Kanselier, Voorzitter 1964-1970

1953 Mr E.L.M.H. baron Speyart van Woerden, Coadjutor, Baljuw

1960 Zijne Eminentie dr B. Kardinaal Alfrink, Aartsbisschop, Baljuw, Grootkruis van Magistrale Gratie

1960 H.K.H. Beatrix, Prinses der Nederlanden, (>1980; H.M. de Koningin)

1970 Mr E.T.M. baron van Voorst tot Voorst, Baljuw, Voorzitter 1970-1992
http://www.maltezerorde.nl/gesch_rang_grootkruis.htm



Admission of membership on official government websites (or affiliated, or government sanctioned).

Example:
Quote:
Emilio T. González
Under Secretary of Homeland Security
Director, United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
[...]
A graduate of the University of South Florida in Tampa with a B.A. in International Studies, Dr. González also earned MA degrees in Latin American Studies from Tulane University in New Orleans, Louisiana and in Strategic Studies and National Security Affairs from the US Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island. He was awarded a Ph.D. degree in International Relations from the Graduate School of International Studies, University of Miami, where he also received the Graduate School Award for Academic Achievement. He has been awarded numerous decorations from the United States and has also been decorated by the governments of El Salvador, Mexico, Colombia, Guatemala, the Dominican Republic, Honduras and Nicaragua. Dr. González is a Knight of Malta.
* http://www.whitehouse.gov/government/egonzalez-bio.html
* Pictures of Knights or Dames wearing official SMOM regalia or ornamentation.


Charles Burke Elbrick


Benito Mussolini

Any listing of incontrovertible proof of the above three kinds will be provided with the addendum: (Proof Positive), so as to indeed confirm SMOM membership with certainty.

All other citations I will regard as evidence and thus ideally, in order to minimize uncertainty, require verification of as many independent sources as possible.

Sometimes I will include evidence that does not directly claim SMOM membership but, given the context is alludes to, (strongly) suggests it. I will introduce these passages with the phrase circumstantial evidence.[/quote]
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Old 11-08-2010, 04:15 PM   #5
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Social Network Diagrams

In all retrievable cases, I will use graphical gadgets called social network diagrams in order to estimate, based on predefined source-material, the group people most associated with some person or some group of people (such as the Knights of Malta). You can find information on the type of social network I use, here:

http://www.namebase.org/instruct.html
http://www.namebase.org/zipdir/mdssoft.html

As an example consider the Social Network Diagram of the Knights of Malta:


http://www.namebase.org/cgi-bin/nb06?_KNIGHTS_MALTA_

A network that has been generated from the following list of sources:

Quote:
KNIGHTS MALTA
El Salvador 1982-1984 Nicaragua 1985 Honduras 1985 Philippines 1987

* Anderson,S.& J. Inside the League. 1986 (183)
* Chasey,W. Pan Am 103: The Lockerbie Cover Up. 1995 (78-9)
* Cooney,J. The American Pope. 1984 (62-3, 99)
* Covert Action Information Bulletin 1986-#25 (3, 13, 27-38)
* Covert Action Information Bulletin 1988-#29 (22)
* Covert Action Quarterly 1994-#49 (22, 24)
* Guardian (New York) 1985-03-13 (3)
* Gurwin,L. The Calvi Affair. 1984 (181)
* Honegger,B. October Surprise. 1989 (235)
* Intelligence/Parapolitics (Paris) 1988-05 (17)
* King,D. Lyndon LaRouche and the New American Fascism. 1989 (223, 225)
* Lernoux,P. People of God. 1989 (283-301)
* Levenstein,A. Escape to Freedom. 1983 (59)
* Mother Jones 1983-07 (22-4)
* National Reporter 1986-W (56-61)
* New York Times 1988-04-07 (A7)
* Parapolitics/USA 1982-03-31 (19, 31-7)
* Parapolitics/USA 1983-03-01 (31, 35, B12, 13-4, 17-8)
* Reese,M. General Reinhard Gehlen: The CIA Connection. 1990 (86)
* Resource Center. GroupWatch 1991-SMOM (1-3)
* Resource Center. The New Right Humanitarians. 1986 (55-6)
* Russell,D. The Man Who Knew Too Much. 1992 (528-9, 676)
* Sklar,H. Washington's War on Nicaragua. 1988 (239-40)
* Sojourners Magazine 1985-10 (16)
* Thomas,E. The Man to See. 1991 (389-90)
* Vankin,J. Conspiracies, Cover-ups, and Crimes. 1991 (174-6)
* Vistica,G. Fall From Glory. 1997 (149-50)
* Washington Post 1984-12-27 (A1, 25)
* Washington Post 1985-05-03 (A22)
* Washington Post 1990-03-18 (B2)

pages cited this search: 97
http://www.namebase.org/cgi-bin/nb01?_KNIGHTS_MALTA_

Here's another example, the social network surrounding the Stay-Behind post WWII terror network known as "Gladio":

http://www.namebase.org/cgi-bin/nb06?_OPERATION_GLADIO_

Quote:
OPERATION GLADIO
Italy 1956-1972

* Covert Action Quarterly 1994-#49 (20-7, 62-3)
* Dorril,S. MI6. 2000 (32)
* Dorril,S. Ramsay,R. Smear! 1992 (225-6)
* Executive Intelligence Review 1999-06-04 (27-8)
* Executive Intelligence Review 2006-05-26 (69, 71)
* George Magazine 1997-10 (78)
* Intelligence (Paris) 1995-11-20 (1)
* Intelligence (Paris) 1996-09-23 (48)
* Intelligence Newsletter (Paris) 1990-11-21 (4-5)
* Intelligence Newsletter (Paris) 1990-12-05 (1, 3)
* Intelligence Newsletter (Paris) 1990-12-19 (5)
* Intelligence Newsletter (Paris) 1991-07-03 (6)
* Lee,M. The Beast Reawakens. 1997 (206)
* Lies Of Our Times 1991-06 (21-2)
* Lobster Magazine (Britain) 2005-#49 (44-5)
* NameBase NewsLine 1994-04 (9)
* Ostrovsky,V. Other Side of Deception. 1995 (5, 289)
* Vankin,J. Conspiracies, Cover-ups, and Crimes. 1991 (189)
* Village Voice 1993-04-27 (8 )
* Washington Post 1990-11-14 (A19, 20)
* Willan,P. Puppetmasters. 1991 (146-59, 357-8)

pages cited this search: 54
http://www.namebase.org/cgi-bin/nb01?_OPERATION_GLADIO_

And of course we cannot forget the SMOM invested irregular freemasonic organised crime conglomerate known as "Propaganda Due" or simply P2:


http://www.namebase.org/cgi-bin/nb06...A_DUE_%28P2%29

Quote:

PROPAGANDA DUE (P2)
Greece 1967 Italy 1971-1986

* Bellant,R. Old Nazis. 1989 (26-8)
* Christie,S. Stefano Delle Chiaie. 1984 (110-3, 162-3)
* Cornwell,R. God's Banker. 1984 (44-8, 72-3)
* Covert Action Information Bulletin 1986-#25 (34-5)
* Covert Action Quarterly 1994-#49 (24)
* DiFonzo,L. St.Peter's Banker. 1983 (65-74, 98-100)
* Executive Intelligence Review 1999-06-04 (27-8)
* Executive Intelligence Review 2006-10-06 (49)
* Friedman,A. Spider's Web. 1993 (85)
* Gurwin,L. The Calvi Affair. 1984 (xvi, 15, 50-4, 61-7, 74, 180-3, 187)
* Herman,E. Brodhead,F. Rise and Fall of Bulgarian Connection. 1986 (xvi, 4, 6, 81-5, 89, 94, 98, 101-2, 108, 113, 134, 188, 208)
* Honegger,B. October Surprise. 1989 (14, 124, 201, 210-1, 229-44)
* Intelligence (Paris) 1996-05-13 (72)
* Intelligence (Paris) 1999-01-11 (22)
* Intelligence Newsletter (Paris) 1988-11-30 (8 )
* Intelligence/Parapolitics (Paris) 1987-11 (1-6)
* Italian Parliament. Licio Gelli's List of P2 Members. 1981
* Lernoux,P. People of God. 1989 (289-90)
* Mantius,P. Shell Game. 1995 (102-3)
* Marshall,J... The Iran-Contra Connection. 1987 (24, 69-76)
* Nation 1987-04-25 (539-40)
* National Reporter 1986-W (60-1)
* Naylor,R.T. Hot Money and the Politics of Debt. 1994 (84-8, 100, 124, 135, 140)
* Ostrovsky,V. Other Side of Deception. 1995 (289)
* Parapolitics/USA 1982-03-31 (18-9, 25)
* Richelson,J. Foreign Intelligence Organizations. 1988 (118-22)
* Scheim,D. Contract on America. 1988 (321-5)
* Scott,P.D. Marshall,J. Cocaine Politics. 1991 (43)
* Sterling,C. Octopus. 1991 (192)
* Sterling,C. Thieves' World. 1994 (74, 235)
* Syrokomsky,V. International Terrorism and the CIA. 1983 (221-5, 254-6)
* Thomas,K. Keith,J. The Octopus. 1996 (77, 86-7)
* Top Secret (Germany) 1990-F (21)
* Tosches,N. Power on Earth. 1986 (3-4, 166)
* Vankin,J. Conspiracies, Cover-ups, and Crimes. 1991 (175-6, 189)
* Vankin,J. Whalen,J. The 60 Greatest Conspiracies. 1998 (115, 117, 342)
* Walter,I. The Secret Money Market. 1990 (146-7)
* Willan,P. Puppetmasters. 1991 (48-86, 95, 135, 230-1)
* Yallop,D. In God's Name. 1985
* Yallop,D. Tracking the Jackal. 1993 (193-4)

pages cited this search: 218

http://www.namebase.org/cgi-bin/nb01...A_DUE_%28P2%29

And why not throw in the holiest of holy (ahum): the "Bank of God", the infamous Vatican Bank (IOR):

http://www.namebase.org/cgi-bin/nb06...OUS%20WORKS%29

Quote:
VATICAN BANK (INSTITUTE RELIGIOUS WORKS)
Italy 1942-1988

* Christie,S. Stefano Delle Chiaie. 1984 (43, 112)
* Cornwell,R. God's Banker. 1984 (50-8, 71, 208-9, 225-33, 237)
* Covert Action Information Bulletin 1986-#25 (35)
* DiFonzo,L. St.Peter's Banker. 1983 (5)
* Gurwin,L. The Calvi Affair. 1984 (11-3, 25-6, 69, 132, 134, 167-78, 208-9)
* Intelligence (Paris) 1998-07-13 (9)
* Intelligence (Paris) 1999-01-11 (22)
* Intelligence (Paris) 2000-10-23 (35)
* Lernoux,P. In Banks We Trust. 1984 (191-222)
* Lernoux,P. People of God. 1989 (290)
* Loftus,J. Aarons,M. The Secret War Against the Jews. 1994 (62-3)
* Mantius,P. Shell Game. 1995 (101-2)
* Marshall,J... The Iran-Contra Connection. 1987 (69)
* Naylor,R.T. Hot Money and the Politics of Debt. 1994 (52, 80, 118-20, 126-7, 250-3, 265)
* Seagrave,S.& P. Gold Warriors. 2003 (105)
* Sterling,C. Octopus. 1991 (191)
* Stich,R. Defrauding America. 1994 (419, 533)
* Tosches,N. Power on Earth. 1986 (42-6, 123-7, 172, 246-7)
* Vankin,J. Whalen,J. The 60 Greatest Conspiracies. 1998 (114-5, 117)
* Walter,I. The Secret Money Market. 1990 (135-46)
* Washington Post 1989-06-21 (A16)
* Washington Times 1996-06-02 (A7)
* Yallop,D. In God's Name. 1985

pages cited this search: 136[/quote]

http://www.namebase.org/cgi-bin/nb01...OUS%20WORKS%29
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Old 11-08-2010, 04:17 PM   #6
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Member Index of SMOM Movers and Shakers of the 20th-21st Century

In no particular order:
PAGE 1

1. Major General William Joseph "Wild Bill" Donovan - Wartime head of the OSS and co-founder of the CIA
2. Baron Franz Joseph Hermann Michael Maria von Papen - Politician who Helped Adolf Hitler to power; Reichskonkordat Negotiator
3. General Reinhard Gehlen - Nazi Chief of Intelligence over Russia; Head of Gehlen Org; Head of BND
4. J. Peter Grace - CEO of W.R.Grace and Company; Head of the American branch of SMOM

PAGE 2

1. Prince Junio Valerio Scipione Borghese - Italian Elite Naval Commander and Leader of the Fascist Terrorist Outfit: X-MAS
2. Allen Welsh Dulles - Lawyer; OSS Top Officer; First Head of the CIA
3. Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini - Italy's Fascist Wartime Prime Minister
4. Francis Joseph Cardinal Spellman - Archbishop of New York; Grand Protector of the American Branch of SMOM
5. John Jakob Raskob - DuPont and GM Top Executive; Builder of the Empire State Building; Political Mover and Shaker
6. Myron Charles Taylor - Head of the United Steel Company; Businessman and Diplomat
7. James Jesus Angleton - CIA Chief of Counterintelligence and Head o/t ‘Vatican Desk’ &/t ‘Israel Desk’
8. Count Licio Gelli - Arch-fascist and Grandmaster of the Italian P2 Fringe Masonic Lodge
9. Joseph Patrick "Joe" Kennedy, Sr. - Patriarch of the Kennedy Clan, Businessman and Ambassador; Political Figure
10. Joseph J Larkin - Vice President of Chase Manhattan Bank European Affairs

PAGE 3

1. William Joseph Casey - CIA Director
2. Lee Iacocca - CEO of Chrysler; President of Ford Motor Company; Chairman of Lee Iacocca & Associates, Inc.
3. Francis X Stankard - Director of LXE Inc.; Vice Chairman American Express Bank; Chase Manhattan Top Executive
4. James Augustine Farrell - President of US Steel
5. Dr. Hermann Josef Abs - "Hitler's Paymaster" as Head o/t Deutsche Bank; Board-member of IG Farben, Daimler Benz, Siemens
6. Konrad Hermann Josef Adenauer - First Postwar German Federal Chancellor
7. Thomas Bolan - Top Lawyer; partner in Saxe, Bacon and Bolan
8. Francis J. Shakespeare - Catholic Right Wing Propaganda Top Executive; Ambassador
9. Francis Vincent Ortiz, Jr. - Foreign Service Officer; Ambassador
10. Patrick J. Frawley, Jr. - Heir to the Schick razor fortune

PAGE 4

1. Admiral James David Watkins - Chief of Naval Operations; US Secretary of Energy
2. Maxwell M. Rabb - US Businessman, Politician, Lawyer and Ambassador
3. Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands; Bilderberger; Club of Rome; Major Shareholder of Shell
4. William Barron Hilton - Head o/t Hilton Hotel Chain
5. John Alexander McCone – CIA Director
6. William Egan Colby – CIA Director
7. General Alexander Meigs Haig, Jr. - US Secretary of State; White House Chief of Staff; Vice Chief of Staff of the Army; Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR); Supreme Allied Commander of NATO

PAGE 5

1. George H. W. Bush - 41st President of the US; Skull & Bonesman; CIA Director
2. William Edward Simon - Secretary of Treasury; Administrator of the Federal Energy Office; President of the John M. Olin Foundation
3. Prince Bernhard - Consort to the Queen o/t Netherlands; Cofounder of the Bilderberg Club, 1001 Club, Rotary International; Inspector General of the Dutch Air Force, Army and Navy
4. Nicholas Frederick Brady - 68th Secretary of the Treasury; CFR; Chairman of the Board of Dillon, Read & Company, Inc.; Corporate Polymath
5. Valéry Giscard d'Estaing - French Centre-right Politician; President of the French Republic
6. Clare Boothe Luce - Editor; Playwright; Social activist; Politician; Journalist; Diplomat; CFR
7. General Mark Wayne Clark - Commander of Allied Forces in Italy during WWII
8. Charles Burke Elbrick - Career US Ambassador
9. Frank Joseph Fahrenkopf, Jr. - President and CEO of the American Gaming Association (AGA); New York Stock Exchange Boardmember (6x)
10. L. Francis Rooney III - US Ambassador to the Holy See; CEO of Rooney Holdings, Inc.; Corporate Polymath

PAGE 6

1. General Joseph Edward Schmitz - Inspector General o/t Dept. of Defense; COO Blackwater USA

Updating history:
2008-01-21 (added page 1-3)
2008-01-24 (added page 4)
2008-01-26 (added page 5)
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Old 11-08-2010, 04:29 PM   #7
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Major General William Joseph "Wild Bill" Donovan - Wartime head of the OSS and co-founder of the CIA



Quote:
Major General William Joseph Donovan, KBE United States Army (January 1, 1883 – February 8, 1959) was an American soldier, lawyer and intelligence officer, best remembered today as wartime head of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS). He is also widely known as the "father" of today's Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).

In June 1941, Donovan received what would be his most important assignment: Roosevelt named him Coordinator of Information (COI). This made him the first overall chief of the United States Intelligence community, which at the time was fragmented into Army, Navy, Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), United States Department of State, and other interests. The FBI retained its independence, and control of intelligence in South America, at the insistence of FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover.

It was Donovan who crucially organised the COI's New York headquarters in Room 3603 of Rockefeller Center in October, 1941 and asked Allen Dulles to head it; the offices Dulles took over had been the location of the operations of Britain's MI6.

In 1942, the COI became the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) and Donovan was returned to active duty in his World War I rank of colonel (by war's end, he would be promoted to major general). The OSS was responsible for espionage and sabotage in Europe and in parts of Asia. The OSS was kept out of South America by Hoover's hostility to Donovan, and out of the Philippines by the antipathy of Douglas MacArthur.

For many years, the exploits of the OSS remained secret, but in the 1970s and 1980s, significant parts of the OSS history were declassified, making Donovan a household name to a new generation.

After Roosevelt's death, Donovan's political position, which depended on his personal connection to the President, was substantially weakened. He argued forcefully for the retention of the OSS in the years after the war, but President Harry S. Truman was not interested (although the subsequent formation of the CIA did generally follow a related proposal initiated by Donovan).
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Joseph_Donovan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Knights_of_Malta


Quote:

Allied commanders in Southeast Asia plot the war, late 1944. Standing: Major General Wedemeyer, commanding China theater; seated, left to right: Lieutenant General Daniel I. Sultan, commanding Burma-India theater; Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten, Supreme Allied commander, Southeast Asia Command; and Major General William J. ("Wild Bill") Donovan, chief of U.S. Office of Strategic Services
http://www.hoover.org/publications/h...t/article/6987

Quote:
The founding fathers of the CIA William "Wild Bill" Donovan and Allen Dulles were knights, as were many other CIA hierarchy including Ronald Reagan's director William Casey and JFK's director John McCone. According to "Watergate" journalist Carl Bernstein, Casey gave Pope John Paul II unprecedented access to CIA intelligence including spy satellites and agents.

In fact, one could blame the start of the Cold War upon "Wild Bill" Donovan personally. At the end of the First World War Donovan led a secret mission to Siberia to observe the Russian Revolution. Due to his reconnaissance an American unit was sent to fight the Russian Bolsheviks who were broadly considered Allies, as they were still fighting the Germans alongside the British and the French in the trenches of Europe. The American troops could not understand why they were being ordered to burn the villages and kill "these poor and hungry peasants, who've been treated so terribly by their rulers", as one "doughboy" wrote to his wife. It is historically un-American to side with the aristocratic powers of Europe against the common man. Donovan's motives for fighting the Bolsheviks could only have been due to his Vatican/Knights of Malta allegiances, as at this time the Russian Revolution was no threat to the American Republic. As a consequence in July 1944 Pope Pius XII awarded Donovan the 'Grand Cross of the Order of St. Sylvester', the oldest and most prestigious of papal knighthoods, and the highest Catholic award ever received by an American. Less than one hundred men have received this award throughout history.

The Knights of Malta's key spheres of control are Africa and Latin America, and include many dictators such as mass murderer General Pinochet in their ranks.

Membership in Latin America includes Masonic lodge "P2" fascists and many surviving Nazi players, who are directly responsible for the formation of the modern neo-Nazi movement. Knight and Nazi escapee Otto "Scarface" Skorzeny, who led a commando raid on the Cathar region of France in search of occult artifacts including the Holy Grail, played a major role in the Vatican's "Rat Run". He was a close friend of Argentinian president and knight Juan Peron, who recent CIA documents prove was also involved in the laundering of Nazi gold through the Vatican Bank. Conveniently for Nazi members who did not escape Europe, William Donovan served as chief aide to the American prosecutor at the post-war Nuremberg trials, after handing over the reigns of the OSS/CIA to fellow knight Allen Dulles.

As Roman Catholic author Penny Lernoux reveals in her "People of God": "After the war, the Vatican, the OSS, the SS, and various branches of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta joined to do battle against the common Soviet enemy - and to help Nazi war criminals escape... Baron Luigi Parrilli, an Italian aristocrat and Knight of Malta/papal chamberlain, took part in negotiations between SS leaders and the CIA's Allen Dulles."

[...]

As the Cold War intensified, former Vatican agent and knight Joseph H. Retinger, acting on behalf of the Vatican and the Priory of Sion, effectively forged ties with the European Council of Princes (the respectable name for the Dragon Sovereignty), the CIA, and Britain's MI6 to create the New World Order think-tank "The Bilderberg Group", of which Henry Kissinger is a permanent member. It's first chairman was Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands, who held that position for the next 22 years, until a financial scandal forced him to resign. His daughter, Shell Oil co-owner Queen Beatrix regularly attends meetings, as do ample other European aristocratic players. The undemocratic "Bilderberg Group" continues to play a major part in international affairs, and remains closed to public scrutiny and participation.

Documents show that New York's Cardinal Francis Spellman was directly involved in the 1954 right-wing military coup of Guatemala, which led to the murder of thousands, and of which the CIA has acknowledged complicity. He has also been linked to neo-Nazi group "P2" and the Mafia by his long involvement with "P2" member Archbishop Paul Marcinkus of Chicago, former head of the Vatican Bank, who was under serious suspicion by Italian authorities for the untimely death of Pope John Paul I. Cardinal Spellman was not only an old friend of CIA creator "Wild Bill" Donovan (who previously had a law firm in New York) but was the actual head of the Knights of Malta in America throughout the 40's, 50's and 60's, and was responsible for vast sums of money raised from its members, who have to pay thousands annually to remain in the order.
Vatican Awards:
Quote:
# Lateran Medal (Vatican)
# Order of St. Sylvester (Vatican)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Joseph_Donovan

Quote:
Knight William Donovan served as chief aide to the American prosecutor at the post-war Nuremberg trials, after handing over the reigns of the OSS/CIA to fellow Knight Allen Dulles.
http://www.voxfux.com/features/knightsofmalta.html

Circumstantial evidence:

Quote:
When Rome was liberated in 1944 Morlion and Pro Deo relocated there. In recognition of Donovan's good works on behalf of Pro Deo, Pope Plus XII knighted him with the Grand Cross of the Order of St. Sylvester. And before he flew off to Washington to cut his deal with the CIA, Reinhard Gehlen received the Sovereign Military Order of Malta award from the Pontiff. So did James Jesus Angleton, a Donovan operative in Rome who became the CIA's chief of counterintelligence.

http://www.prouty.org/brussell/nazi-1.html

Circumstantial evidence:
Quote:
During and after WWII, Roman Catholic William ["Wild Bill"] Donovan headed the OSS [American forerunner of the CIA]. Donovan was decorated in July 1944 by Pope Pius XII with the Grand Cross of the Order of St. Sylvester, "the Vatican's highest award, for a lifetime of public and secret service to the [Roman] Catholic Church".
http://www.mosquitonet.com/~prewett/ut8387.html

Circumstantial evidence:

Quote:
William “Wild Bill” Donovan, founder of the OSS, which was the predecessor to the CIA. They didn’t call him “Wild Bill” for nothing; his legend is well-deserved. Pope Pius XII awarded Donovan the Grand Cross of the Order of St. Sylvester; less than 100 of these have been given out throughout history.
http://www.branchfloridians.org/wdu84.html

Circumstantial evidence:

Quote:
Most of his adult life, G.H.W. Bush had been a member, and for a while director, of the Central Intelligence Agency, an organization founded in 1947 by William J. (“Wild Bill”) Donovan for the purpose of providing “special means” to insure Vatican influence over the secular world and subsidized by American taxpayers. Donovan was a devout Roman Catholic, decorated in July 1944 by Pope Pius XII with the Grand Cross of the Order of St. Sylvester, “the Vatican’s highest award, for a lifetime of public and secret service to the [Roman] Catholic Church.”
http://continuingcounterreformation....9_archive.html
http://www.answers.com/topic/papal-orders-of-chivalry


Other sites mentioning Donovan was a Knight of Malta:

Social Network Diagram:

http://www.namebase.org/cgi-bin/nb06...WILLIAM_JOSEPH

Sources:


Quote:
DONOVAN WILLIAM JOSEPH
USSR 1943 Thailand 1953-1954

* Aarons,M. Loftus,J. Unholy Trinity. 1992 (278)
* Adams,J. Secret Armies. 1988 (21-3)
* Anson,R. They've Killed the President! 1975 (291)
* Bamford,J. Body of Secrets. 2001 (7)
* Bird,K. The Chairman. 1992 (129-30)
* Bledowska,C. Bloch,J. KGB/CIA. 1987 (6-7)
* Blum,W. The CIA: A Forgotten History. 1986 (26)
* Blumenthal,S. Yazijian,H. Government by Gunplay. 1976 (163)
* CIA. Studies in Intelligence: Index 1955-1992 (28)
* CIA. Studies in Intelligence: Website Index. 2006 (52, 61, 91)
* Chernow,R. The House of Morgan. 1990 (211)
* Chester,E. Covert Network. 1995 (5, 61, 64, 77, 107, 123-4, 149-50, 154, 197-8, 242)
* Cockburn,A.& L. Dangerous Liaison. 1991 (37-8)
* Colby,G. Dennett,C. Thy Will Be Done. 1995 (112-3)
* Coll,S. Ghost Wars. 2004 (94-5)
* Cookridge,E.H. Gehlen: Spy of the Century. 1972 (128-33)
* Cooney,J. The American Pope. 1984 (139, 160, 175, 242)
* Copeland,M. The Game Player. 1989 (12)
* Corn,D. Blond Ghost. 1994 (29, 37)
* Corvo,M. The O.S.S. in Italy, 1942-1945. 1990
* CounterSpy 1980-SU (2, 12)
* Covert Action Information Bulletin 1990-#35 (11-4)
* Covert Action Quarterly 1999-#67 (63)
* Cummings,R. The Pied Piper. 1985 (124)
* DiEugenio,J. Pease,L. The Assassinations. 2003 (299-300)
* Donner,F. The Age of Surveillance. 1981 (84)
* Dorril,S. MI6. 2000 (52, 454, 465)
* Frazier,H. Uncloaking the CIA. 1978 (82, 239-40)
* Granatstein,J.L. Stafford,D. Spy Wars. 1990 (79-80)
* Halperin,M... The Lawless State. 1976 (32)
* Hersh,B. The Old Boys. 1992
* Hersh,S. The Dark Side of Camelot. 1997 (72)
* Higham,C. American Swastika. 1985 (249)
* Hinckle,W. If You Have a Lemon, Make Lemonade. 1990 (151-2)
* Hitchens,C. Blood, Class, and Nostalgia. 1990 (322, 324-6)
* Jeffreys-Jones,R. The CIA and American Democracy. 1989 (15-20, 25-31, 49-50)
* Kessler,R. The Sins of the Father. 1997 (201)
* Kruger,H. The Great Heroin Coup. 1980 (34)
* Lee,M. Shlain,B. Acid Dreams. 1985 (3)
* Levenstein,A. Escape to Freedom. 1983 (36, 46, 295)
* Lobster Magazine (Britain) 1999-#36 (12)
* Loftus,J. Aarons,M. The Secret War Against the Jews. 1994 (75, 92, 110)
* Loftus,J. The Belarus Secret. 1982 (55-6)
* Mader,J. Who's Who in CIA. 1968
* Marks,J. The Search for the Manchurian Candidate. 1980 (12-3)
* McCartney,L. Friends in High Places. 1988 (75)
* McClintock,M. Instruments of Statecraft. 1992 (24-5)
* McCoy,A. The Politics of Heroin in S.E. Asia. 1973 (133)
* McCoy,A. The Politics of Heroin. 1991 (174-5, 185)
* McGehee,R. Deadly Deceits. 1983 (12)
* Mother Jones 1983-07 (21-2)
* NameBase NewsLine 1997-04 (1)
* New York Times 2004-12-10 (A31)
* Oui Magazine 1977-01 (141)
* Payne,R. Dobson,C. Who's Who in Espionage. 1984 (39)
* Persico,J. Casey. 1991 (53-6, 98-9)
* Piper,M.C. Final Judgment. 1993 (82)
* Pisani,S. The CIA and the Marshall Plan. 1991 (17-8, 29-30, 58, 63)
* Powers,T. The Man Who Kept the Secrets. 1981 (25, 28-31)
* Prados,J. Presidents' Secret Wars. 1988 (113-4, 124)
* Prouty,L.F. The Secret Team. 1973 (69, 79, 260)
* Quirk,J. Central Intelligence Agency: A Photographic History. 1986 (48, 52-67, 85-7)
* Ramparts. Vietnam Primer. 1968 (21)
* Reese,M. General Reinhard Gehlen: The CIA Connection. 1990 (26-32)
* Riebling,M. Wedge. 1994
* Roelofs,J. Foundations and Public Policy. 2003 (160)
* Sanders,J. Peddlers of Crisis. 1983 (87)
* Sargent,P. What Makes Lives. 1940 (191)
* Saunders,F. The Cultural Cold War. 2000 (60-1, 137, 286)
* Scheim,D. Contract on America. 1988 (190)
* Scott,P.D. Deep Politics. 1993 (177-8)
* Shultz,R. The Secret War Against Hanoi. 1999 (8, 16, 220, 266-7)
* Simpson,C. Blowback. 1988 (126)
* Simpson,C. Science of Coercion. 1996 (23-4, 26)
* Simpson,C. The Splendid Blond Beast. 1993 (229)
* Simpson,C. Universities and Empire. 1998 (164)
* Sklar,H. Trilateralism. 1980 (185)
* Sklar,H. Washington's War on Nicaragua. 1988 (240)
* Smith,B. The Shadow Warriors. 1983
* Smith,R.H. OSS. 1981 (1-35)
* Spotlight Newspaper 1998-07-20 (B7)
* State Dept. United States Chiefs of Mission 1778-1973. 1973 (152)
* Summers,A. Official and Confidential. 1993 (121, 137-8, 154-5, 245)
* Summers,A. The Arrogance of Power. 2000 (62-3)
* Trento,J. The Secret History of the CIA. 2001 (25-6)
* Tully,A. CIA: The Inside Story. 1962 (39)
* Volkman,E. Baggett,B. Secret Intelligence. 1989 (29, 31, 39-43, 48, 53-4, 80-1, 213-4)
* Warner,R. Back Fire. 1995 (32)
* Washington Post Book World 1982-12-19 (1, 10)
* Washington Times 1995-04-16 (B6)
* Weiner,T. Blank Check. 1991 (113-4)
* Whiting,C. Gehlen: Germany's Master Spy. 1972 (108)
* Winks,R. Cloak and Gown. 1987 (64-71)
* Wise,D. Ross,T. The Espionage Establishment. 1967 (14)
* Wise,D. Ross,T. The Invisible Government. 1974 (92-3, 133)
* Woodward,B. Veil. 1987 (51-2)
* Yakovlev,N. CIA Target -- the USSR. 1984 (67-9, 77, 88-92)

pages cited this search: 292
http://www.envirosagainstwar.org/kno...hp?itemid=5479


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Old 11-08-2010, 04:41 PM   #8
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Baron Franz Joseph Hermann Michael Maria von Papen - Politician who Helped Adolf Hitler to power; Reichskonkordat Negotiator

Quote:
Franz Joseph Hermann Michael Maria von Papen (help·info) (29 October 1879 – 2 May 1969) was a German nobleman, Catholic politician, General Staff officer, and diplomat, who served as Chancellor of Germany (Reichskanzler) in 1932.

To many historians, Papen was also a key member in the small clique of right-wing politicians who "jobbed Adolf Hitler into power by backstairs intrigue" [1]. He has been called a "stirrup holder" (Steigbügelhalter) for Hitler.

The central role that Papen played in Hitler's appointment as Chancellor in January 1933 was reflected by Papen's indictment at the Nuremberg War Crimes Trial, though he was acquitted on formal reasons, the tribunal deciding that his "political immoralities" were not under its jurisdiction.

[...]

In 1923 Papen had received the honorary title of Papal Chamberlain from Pope Pius XI.[9] After Pius XI died in 1939, his successor Pope Pius XII did not renew this appointment, probably in the light of Papen's political role for the Hitler régime. As nuncio, the future Pope John XXIII, Angelo Roncalli, was acquainted with Papen in Greece and Turkey during World War I. He restored this title on July 24, 1959. Papen was also a Knight of Malta.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franz_von_Papen
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Knights_of_Malta

Quote:
The Catholic Right and the Knights of Malta, in particular Baron Franz von Papen (see sidebar), played a critical role in Hitler's assumption of power and the launching of the Third Reich's Twentieth Century Crusade.
http://www.mosquitonet.com/~prewett/caqsmom25.1.html

http://www.pawcreek.org/articles_pcm...rld_order1.htm

Quote:
FRANZ von PAPEN

A leading figure in Hitler's coming to power was SMOM Franz von Papen, known as "the devil in a top hat." A devout Catholic aristocrat from an old family of Westphalian nobility, a former military attache and spy against the United States in 1915, von Papen became Chancellor in May 1932, with the support of the Nazis. In June he ordered the dissolution of the Reichstag, calling for new elections in July, in which the Nazis emerged as the largest party in the new Reichstag. After a meeting with Hitler, von Papen persuaded President von Hindenberg to offer Hitler the Chancellorship, which he assumed on January 30, 1933. Von Papen became his Vice-Chancellor.

In April 1933 von Papen was elevated to Knight Magistral Grand Cross of SMOM. After the murder of Austrian Chancellor Dollfuss in Vienna in July 1934, von Papen became Hitler's Ambassador to Austria, and, in March 1938 stood by the Fuhrer's side at his triumphal entry into Vienna. From 1939 until August 1944 he was the Nazi Ambassador to Turkey, and at the Nuremberg trials he was charged with conspiracy to wage aggressive war. He was one of several Nazi leaders acquitted, and subsequently received a generous pension from the first postwar Chancellor, Konrad Adenauer.
http://www.mosquitonet.com/~prewett/caqsmom25.1.html

Quote:
Franz von Papen, a [Roman] Catholic aristocrat from the Westphalian nobility and Knight Magistral Grand Cross of SMOM, paved the way for Hitler's assumption of power after von Papen became chancellor with the support of the Nazis.
http://www.mosquitonet.com/~prewett/ncrmay890910.html

Quote:
Fascist members of the SMOM
Grand Master Ludovico Chigi Albani della Rovere awarded the Grand Cross of Honour and Devotion to Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. He was also awared a knighthood prior to World War II.

On Dec 4, 1932 Franz von Papen was succeeded as Chancellor of Germany by Kurt von Schleicher. Determined to gain revenge on Schleicher, von Papen came to terms with Hitler (Jan. 4, 1933) and persuaded Hindenburg to appoint Hitler Chancellor. In April 1933 von Papen was elevated to Knight Magistral Grand Cross of SMOM.
http://www.reference.com/browse/wiki...Order_of_Malta

Quote:

Sinister Nazi and Devout Roman Catholic, Knight of Malta Franz von Papen (Front Left) heads Catholic Mass Procession.


http://www.spirituallysmart.com/nazi.html
You can see von Papen wear the SMOM "Maltese cross" insignia (see above), hence SMOM membership is proven, of and by itself. (Proof Positive)

Quote:
“In the early days of May (1936), [German Knight of Malta Franz] von Papen entered into secret negotiations with Dr. Schussnigg (Austrian Chancellor) working on his weak point [i.e., he was a devout Roman Catholic] and showed him how advantageous a reconciliation with [Nazi leader Adolph] Hitler would be as far as the Vatican’s interests were concerned; the argument may seem odd, but Schussnigg was very devout, and von Papen was the pope’s [German] chamberlain [i.e., a high official in certain royal courts].

Not surprisingly, it was the [pope’s] secret chamberlain [in Germany – i.e., Knight of Malta Franz von Papen] who led the whole affair, which ended, on the 11th of March 1938, with the resignation of the pious Schussnigg (pupil of the Jesuits), in favor of Seyss-Inquart, chief of the Austrian Nazis. The following day [March 12, 1938], the German troops entered Austria and the puppet government of Seyss-Inquart proclaimed the union of the country to the [Nazi German Third] Reich. The event was welcomed by an enthusiastic declaration of Vienna’s archbishop, Cardinal Innitzer (a Jesuit).”

http://calltodecision.com/qct.htm


Other sites mentioning Franz von Papen as being a KoM:



Social Network Diagram:

http://www.namebase.org/cgi-bin/nb06...N_FRANZ_JOSEPH

Sources:

Quote:
VON PAPEN FRANZ JOSEPH

Germany 1914-1945 Turkey 1939-1944

* Aarons,M. Loftus,J. Unholy Trinity. 1992 (30)
* Bird,K. The Chairman. 1992 (80-2, 86, 88)
* Bower,T. Nazi Gold. 1998 (43)
* Cookridge,E.H. Gehlen: Spy of the Century. 1972 (29-30)
* Covert Action Information Bulletin 1986-#25 (27)
* Granatstein,J.L. Stafford,D. Spy Wars. 1990 (26)
* Hersh,B. The Old Boys. 1992 (71-2)
* Lernoux,P. People of God. 1989 (286)
* Loftus,J. Aarons,M. The Secret War Against the Jews. 1994 (58, 60)
* Pool,J. Hitler and His Secret Partners. 1997 (21, 23-30, 61, 74, 94, 165-6)
* Quigley,C. Tragedy and Hope. 1966 (432-3, 436-7)
* Seldes,G. Iron, Blood and Profits. 1934 (5, 251-2)
* Smith,B. The Shadow Warriors. 1983 (22, 216)
* Wallace,M. The American Axis. 2003 (131-2, 225)

pages cited this search: 42
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General Reinhard Gehlen - Nazi Chief of Intelligence over Russia; Head of Gehlen Org; Head of BND



Quote:
Reinhard Gehlen(April 3, 1902 - June 8, 1979) was a Generalmajor (Major-General) in the German Army (Wehrmacht Heer) during World War II.

Gehlen held the position of chief of intelligence-gathering on the Eastern Front. He was subsequently recruited by the United States military to set up a spy ring directed against the Soviet Union.

Gehlen ran the West German intelligence apparatus until 1968, and is considered one of the most legendary Cold War spymasters. He organized the Gehlen Organisation, and later became President of the German Federal Intelligence Bureau.

Reinhard Gehlen was born into a Roman Catholic family, the son of an owner of a bookstore. He joined the Reichswehr in 1920 and entered the German Staff College in the 1930s. He was promoted to captain and was attached to the Army General Staff.

In 1940, Gehlen was promoted to Major and he became the liaison officer to Army Commander-in-Chief Field Marshal Walther von Brauchitsch. He was then transferred to the staff of Army Chief of Staff General Franz Halder.

In July 1941, Gehlen was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. Gehlen worked extensively on the Eastern Front and, because of his superior talents and expertise, was promoted to senior intelligence officer with the German General Staff on the Russian front.

[...]
Bundesnachrichtendienst

In April 1956, control of the Gehlen Organisation was turned over to the (West) German government and it became the nucleus of the newly-created Bundesnachrichtendienst (BND or Federal Intelligence Service). Gehlen held the top leadership post (President of the BND) until forced out due to a political scandal in the ranks. He retired from the BND in 1968 and died in 1979, aged 77.
[edit] Honors

He received the Deutsches Kreuz in silver during WWII and the Großes Bundesverdienstkreuz am Schulterband in 1968. He also was a Knight of Malta.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reinhard_Gehlen
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Knights_of_Malta

Quote:
SMOM's influence in Germany survived World War II intact. On November 17, 1948 SMOM awarded one of its highest honors, the Grand Cross of Merit, to Reinhard Gehlen, the Nazi chief of intelligence on the Soviet front. He was subsequently installed by the Americans as the first chief of West Germany's equivalent of the CIA, the Bundesnachtrichtdienst (BND: federal secret service), under West German Chancellor Adenauer, a devout Catholic who had received the Magistral Grand Cross personally from SMOM Grand Master Prince Chigi.
http://www.mosquitonet.com/~prewett/caqsmom25.1.html
http://www.io.com/~patrik/malta.htm


Quote:
On November 17, 1948 SMOM awarded one of its highest honors, the Grand Cross of Merit, to Reinhard Gehlen, the Nazi chief of intelligence on the Eastern Front who took part in the failed bomb plot of July 20, 1944 to assassinate Hitler, and was later recruited by the United States military to set up a spy ring directed against the Soviet Union.
http://www.reference.com/browse/wiki...Order_of_Malta

Quote:
The Order has particularly close links with the security services like the CIA. In 1948, it gave one of its most prestigious awards of honour to General Reinhard Gehlen, who was Adolf Hitler's head of anti-Soviet espionage. After the war, Gehlen was hired by the newly created CIA to organise its operations in Europe!
http://static.scribd.com/docs/fiej1cyribi4l.pdf

Quote:
Reinhard Gehlen was one of Adolf Hitler's chief intelligence officers, solely in charge of espionage against the Soviet Union. In 1945, Gehlen offered the United States his considerable experience, expertise and archives on Russia and satellite countries in return for immunity from prosecution as a war criminal. The newly established Central Intelligence Agency formed the "Gehlen Organisation" which was Gehlen's former network for anti-Soviet espionage. Located in West Germany and funded by the CIA, the Gehlen Organisation became the most powerful espionage establishment in Western Europe.

In 1979, Gen. Patton's cousin, Congressman Lawrence McDonald, founded the Western Goals Foundation as a front for the JBS intelligence network. McDonald directed the organization until his untimely death in the downing of the Korean airliner, KAL 007 in 1983, the year he succeeded Robert Welch as JBS Chairman. Western Goals was discontinued in 1986 following a power struggle for McDonald's position. According to the Interhemispheric Resource Center GroupWatch, files of which are available on the Public Information Research database, Western Goals had worked with Reinhard Gehlen:

McDonald formed a foundation branch in West Germany in 1981. The organization, called the American-European Strategy Research Institute, was set up with a $131,982 injection from the U.S. office. That figure represented more than a third of Western Goals' operating budget at the time...

The German affiliate is Western Goals Europe E.V.(5) This German branch is also known as the American-European Strategy Institute. It acknowledges working with Reinhard Gehlen, a former Nazi who has been honored by the elite lay Catholic organization, the Knights of Malta (SMOM).(8 ) SMOM gave its highest award of honor, the Gran Croci Al Merito Conplacca, to Gehlen in l948. Gehlen, who was not a Catholic, was awarded the honor because of his efforts in the "crusade against godless Communism." Gehlen headed Adolf Hitler's spy operations against the Soviet Union during World War II. After the war, he and his spy apparatus--staffed mostly by former Nazis--were recruited by the CIA. He became the first director of the BND, West Germany's intelligence agency. 12.
http://www.hiddenmysteries.org/consp...oundation.html

Quote:
"The German affiliate is Western Goals Europe E.V.(5) This German branch is also known as the American-European Strategy Institute. It acknowledges working with Reinhard Gehlen, a former Nazi who has been honored by the elite lay Catholic organization, the Knights of Malta (SMOM).(8 ) SMOM gave its highest award of honor, the Gran Croci Al Merito Conplacca, to Gehlen in l948. Gehlen, who was not a Catholic, was awarded the honor because of his efforts in the "crusade against godless Communism." Gehlen headed Adolf Hitler's spy operations against the Soviet Union during World War II. After the war, he and his spy apparatus--staffed mostly by former Nazis--were recruited by the CIA. He became the first director of the BND, West Germany's intelligence agency." 12.
http://www.watch.pair.com/jbs-cnp.html

Quote:
Gen. Reinhard Gehlen persuaded the U.S. Army and then the CIA to sponsor his intelligence network even though he employed numerous former Nazis and known war criminals.
http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB146/

Quote:
The following year [1947], it bestowed the Gran Croce al Merito con Placca upon Hitler's Eastern Front intelligence chief Reinhard Gehlen, one of only four recipients of this award at the time. Gehlen's brother was the secretary to Thun Hohenstein, one of the five-member ruling Sovereign Council of the order. As head of the Institute for Associated Emigrations, Hohenstein printed some 2,000 passports, which were used to relocate leading Nazis to safe hiding places around the world.
http://larouchepub.com/other/2005/32...ck_prince.html

Quote:
In 1948, the SMOM gave one of its highest awards of honor, the Gran Croci al Merito con Placca, to General Reinhard Gehlen, Adolf Hitler's chief anti-Soviet spy. (Only three other people received this award.) Gehlen, who was not a Catholic, was touted as a formidable ally in the holy crusade against godless Marxism. After the war he and his well-developed spy apparatus—staffed largely by ex-Nazis—joined the fledgling CIA. Eventually, hundreds more Nazis ended up on the U.S. government's payroll. Among them was Klaus Barbie.
http://motherjones.com/politics/1983...r-will-be-done

Quote:
CROCI AL MERITO

(PRO PIIS MERITIS)

GRAN CROCI AL MERITO CON FASCIA

10 4 1948 S.E. Gen. PAUL DARIUS DASSAULT

CRAN CROCI AL MERITO CON PLACCA

23 5 1945 S. E. HAROLD ALEXANDER, visconte di Tunis

23 5 1945 S. E. MYRON C TAYLOR

11 11 1948 Brig. Gen. Barone DEAN de MARGUERITTES

17 11 1948 REINHARD GEHLEN
http://www.mosquitonet.com/~prewett/caqsmom25.2.html

Other sites mentioning Reinhard Gehlen being a member of the SMOM:

Social Network Diagram:

http://www.namebase.org/cgi-bin/nb06?GEHLEN_REINHARD_

Sources:


Quote:
GEHLEN REINHARD
Germany 1926-1979

* Aarons,M. Loftus,J. Unholy Trinity. 1992 (150, 169, 171, 243-51, 259)
* Bird,K. The Chairman. 1992 (353-6)
* Black,I. Morris,B. Israel's Secret Wars. 1991 (161-2)
* Bledowska,C. Bloch,J. KGB/CIA. 1987 (79)
* Blum,H. Wanted: The Search for Nazis in America. 1977 (135, 242, 249)
* CIA. Studies in Intelligence: Website Index. 2006 (4, 75)
* Chester,E. Covert Network. 1995 (85, 95)
* Christie,S. Stefano Delle Chiaie. 1984 (69)
* Cockburn,A.& L. Dangerous Liaison. 1991 (39, 53)
* Cookridge,E.H. Gehlen: Spy of the Century. 1972
* Copeland,M. The Game Player. 1989 (61-3)
* Corn,D. Blond Ghost. 1994 (40)
* CounterSpy 1981-04 (14-5)
* CounterSpy 1983-08 (42)
* CounterSpy 1984-05 (22)
* Covert Action Information Bulletin 1986-#25 (5-6, 13, 27)
* Covert Action Information Bulletin 1990-#35 (8-16)
* DiEugenio,J. Destiny Betrayed. 1992 (5-7, 277)
* Dorril,S. MI6. 2000 (101, 104-6, 246, 291, 515)
* Eveland,W.C. Ropes of Sand. 1980 (94-5)
* Garwood,D. Under Cover. 1985 (223-4)
* Hepburn,J. Farewell America. 1968 (310-1)
* Hersh,B. The Old Boys. 1992 (161-5, 186, 266-9, 275-8, 371-4)
* Higham,C. American Swastika. 1985 (256-70)
* Hoehne,H. Zolling,H. The General Was a Spy. 1972
* Hunt,L. Secret Agenda. 1991 (27, 39, 101)
* Intelligence (Paris) 2000-10-02 (24)
* Intelligence/Parapolitics (Paris) 1987-09 (12-5)
* Intelligence/Parapolitics (Paris) 1987-10 (1-3)
* Jeffreys-Jones,R. The CIA and American Democracy. 1989 (104-5)
* King,D. Lyndon LaRouche and the New American Fascism. 1989 (166)
* Lee,M. The Beast Reawakens. 1997 (22-4, 26-7, 33-9, 44-5, 54-6, 66-7, 125-6, 137-8, 153-4)
* Lernoux,P. People of God. 1989 (287-8)
* Lobster Magazine (Britain) 1986-#12 (12, 14)
* Lobster Magazine (Britain) 2005-#49 (3)
* Loftus,J. Aarons,M. The Secret War Against the Jews. 1994 (136, 151-2, 215-6, 257, 289-92)
* Loftus,J. The Belarus Secret. 1982
* Minnick,W. Spies and Provocateurs. 1992 (74-5)
* Mother Jones 1983-07 (23)
* National Reporter 1985-SU (38)
* National Reporter 1986-W (57, 59)
* National Reporter 1988-F (23, 27)
* New York Times 2001-04-28 (A10)
* Oglesby,C. The Yankee and Cowboy War. 1976 (17, 39-43)
* Parapolitics/USA 1982-03-31 (32)
* Parapolitics/USA 1983-03-01 (B18)
* Payne,R. Dobson,C. Who's Who in Espionage. 1984 (57-9)
* Petrusenko,V. A Dangerous Game: CIA and the Mass Media. 1977 (141-2)
* Powers,T. The Man Who Kept the Secrets. 1981 (28, 46)
* Prados,J. Presidents' Secret Wars. 1988 (36-7, 40-4)
* Prouty,L.F. JFK. 1992 (25-6)
* Raviv,D. Melman,Y. Every Spy a Prince. 1990 (57-8, 99)
* Reese,M. General Reinhard Gehlen: The CIA Connection. 1990
* Resource Center. GroupWatch 1991-SMOM (3)
* Richelson,J. Foreign Intelligence Organizations. 1988 (133, 135, 177-8)
* Russell,D. The Man Who Knew Too Much. 1992 (129-30, 236, 258-9)
* Ryan,A. Quiet Neighbors. 1984 (234-5, 328)
* Sayer,I. Botting,D. America's Secret Army. 1989 (319, 339-41)
* Schweizer,P. Friendly Spies. 1993 (147-8)
* Simpson,C. Blowback. 1988 (7, 18, 40-65, 248-51, 259-62)
* Sklar,H. Washington's War on Nicaragua. 1988 (240)
* Smith,R.H. OSS. 1981 (239-40)
* Spotlight Newspaper 1997-01-06 (12)
* Thomas,K. Popular Alienation: A Steamshovel Press Reader. 1995 (133-4, 234-5)
* Trento,J. The Secret History of the CIA. 2001 (20-3, 29-30)
* Tully,A. CIA: The Inside Story. 1962 (156-61, 164)
* Vankin,J. Conspiracies, Cover-ups, and Crimes. 1991 (88-9, 99, 176-7, 242)
* Vankin,J. Whalen,J. The 60 Greatest Conspiracies. 1998 (303-9)
* Volkman,E. Warriors of the Night. 1985 (47-9)
* West,N. Games of Intelligence. 1990 (130)
* West,N. The Circus. 1984 (238)
* Whiting,C. Gehlen: Germany's Master Spy. 1972
* Whitney,C. Spy Trader. 1994 (148)
* Winks,R. Cloak and Gown. 1987 (243, 281, 454-5, 558)
* Wise,D. Molehunt. 1992 (67, 159, 184)
* Wise,D. Ross,T. The Espionage Establishment. 1967 (115-6)
* Wise,D. Ross,T. The Invisible Government. 1974 (124-7)
* Wolf,M. Man Without a Face. 1997 (48-9, 81)
* Wyden,P. Wall: The Inside Story of Divided Berlin. 1989 (103-5)

pages cited this search: 311
http://www.namebase.org/cgi-bin/nb01?GEHLEN_REINHARD_
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Old 11-09-2010, 01:34 PM   #10
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J. Peter Grace - CEO of W.R.Grace and Company; Head of the American branch of SMOM



Quote:
J. Peter Grace (1913 - 1995) was a multimillionaire American industrialist and conglomerateur of Irish Catholic extraction. He was the long-time CEO of W. R. Grace and Company, the firm founded by his grandfather William R. Grace, the first Catholic mayor of New York City.

Peter Grace was the kind of man who, at age seventy, Indian-wrestled fellow chairmen of the board at his desk, showered in the evening to save time getting to work in the morning, wore a Beretta pistol (for terrorists), and, as a Democrat, took out a full-page ad in the New York Times to support President Reagan's tax cuts. source

In the Kennedy administration, J. Peter Grace was head of the Commerce Department Committee on the Alliance for Progress.

[...]

He was president of the chemical company, W. R. Grace & Co. for 48 years, making him the longest reigning CEO of a public company. He was responsible for the Grace Commission Report, and co-founded Citizens Against Government Waste with Jack Anderson in 1984.

"There is nothing I dislike more than being a loser in anything," he said in an interview in Fortune magazine.

In 1984, Mr. Grace received The Hundred Year Association of New York's Gold Medal Award "in recognition of outstanding contributions to the City of New York."

He was devoutly Catholic, and was a Knight of Malta.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._Peter_Grace
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Knights_of_Malta

Quote:
The president of the Knights' American branch is J. Peter Grace, chairman of the W.R. Grace Company, which provides a national focus for the organization by including seven other Knights on its board.
http://www.mosquitonet.com/~prewett/usnewsmar84.html

Quote:
J. Peter Grace

The name J. Peter Grace (1913-1995) "is found in the Council for National Policy (CNP) Membership Directory for 1984-85 and 1988. Grace holds a Bachelor of Arts degree from Yale University (1936). Grace "started in 1936 as Assistant Secretary at W. R. Grace, in 1945 became President and CEO. Grace is a member of the Newcomen Society, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), Knights of Malta: American Chapter of the Board of Founders, Knights of Malta President, 114 Avenue of the Americas [Who's Who in America (1976-77, 1992-93)]. Grace was involved in Project Paperclip -- a post World War II CIA arrangement to remove classified information from dossiers so that former SS members and 900+ Nazi scientists could emigrate to the U. S. Hundreds of war criminals would find employment within government agencies and companies such as W.R. Grace chemical company whose president was J. Peter Grace."[1]

"From 1982-95, J. Peter Grace was Chairman of the Advisory Committee of AmeriCares."

J. Peter Grace founded in 1984 together with Jack Anderson the organization Citizens Against Government Waste. [2] This organization can be seen as a legacy of the 'President's Private Sector Survey on Cost Control', also known as the 'Grace Commission'.

Chairman of the Board of AIFLD.
http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php...J._Peter_Grace

Quote:
Former chairman of the Knights of Malta in the United States. Major player in the fascist underground in the post WWII era. Member of the Pilgrims Society, the CFR, and the Council for National Policy. Chairman of the chemical giant W.R. Grace & Co. from 1945 to 1992, which was especially big in South-America. Close to the Rockefellers.
http://www.gnosticliberationfront.com/1001_club.htm

Quote:
J. Peter Grace - Business Executive, leading Catholic layman, Advisor to three U.S. Presidents - dies at age 81.
[...]
Deeply religious throughout his life, Mr. Grace was a leading layman of the Catholic Church. He was president of the American Association of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta and a Member of its Board of Councilors, a Knight Grand Cross of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulcher of Jerusalem; president of the Catholic Youth Organization of the Archdiocese of New York; and a major benefactor of the Catholic Church. He was an advisor to cardinals and a frequent visitor to the Vatican, having had private audiences with Popes Pius XII, John XXIII, Paul VI and John Paul II.
http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G1-16836280.html

Quote:
The President of the American Eastern Association of SMOM is J. Peter Grace, President of W.R. Grace Company, who was a key figure in Operation Paperclip, which brought Nazi scientists to the U.S.
http://www.mosquitonet.com/~prewett/caqsmom25.1.html

Quote:
Amazing Grace

The American section of the Sovereign Mili-tary Order of Malta has about 1,000 mem-bers—including 300 "dames." They repre-sent the vanguard of American Catholicism, the point at which the Vatican and the U.S. ruling elite intersect. "The Knights of Malta comprise what is perhaps the most exclusive club on earth," Stephen Birmingharn, the social historian, has written. "They are more than the Catholic aristocracy...[they] can pick up a telephone and chat with the pope."

And who are the American Knights? Mother Jones managed to obtain part of the secret membership list. On it we found some famil-iar names: Lee lacocca of Chrysler; Spyros Skouras, the shipping magnate; Robert Abplanalp, the aerosol tycoon and Nixon confidant; Barren Hilton of the hotel chain; John Volpe, former U.S. ambassador to Italy; and William Simon, who served as both treasury secretary and energy czar in the 1970s. At least one former envoy to the Vatican, Robert Wagner (the ex-mayor of New York), and the current emissary to the Vatican, William Wilson, are also members of the Knights of Malta. But there is one institution that stands out as the center of the SMOM in the United States—W.R. Grace & Company. J. Peter Grace, the company chairman, is also president of the American section of SMOM. No less than eight knights, including the chancellor of the order, John D.J. Moore (who was ambas-sador to Ireland under Nixon and Ford), are directors of W.R. Grace.

J. Peter Grace has a long history of involvement with CIA-linked enterprises, such as Radio Liberty and Radio Free Europe, which was the brainchild of General Rein-hard Gehlen. He is also the board chairman of the Amer-ican Institute for Free Labor Development (AIFLD), which has collaborated with multinational corporations and their client dictatorships in Latin America to squelch independent trade unions. Up to $100 million a year of CIA funds were pumped into "trustworthy" labor organi-zations such as AIFLD, whose graduates, according to AIFLD executive director William Doherty, were active in covert operations that led to the military coup in Brazil in 1964. During the early 1970s, Francis D. Flanagan, the Grace repre-sentative in Washington, D. C., was a member of ITT's "Ad Hoc Committee on Chile," which was instrumental in planning the overthrow of Salvador Allende. AIFLD's National Workers' Con-federation subsequently served as the chief labor mouthpiece for the Pinochet junta.

There are many other knights with CIA connections. Clare Boothe Luce, for example, the grande dame of American diplomacy, served as a U.S. ambassador to Italy in the 1950s and is now a member of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board, which oversees covert opera-tions. William Buckley, Jr., a former CIA operative and the editor of the National Review, is a member, as is his brother James, a former senator from New York and now undersecretary of state for security assistance.
http://motherjones.com/politics/1983...r-will-be-done

Quote:
J. Peter Grace - (incorrectly identified by Swanberg as Secretary of Treasury Douglas Dillion) Head, American Branch of the Knights of Malta; Member, Council on Foreign Relations; in charge of at least ten Knights of Malta involved in the assassination and cover-up including Frank Shakespeare of CBS (using CFR member Walter Cronkite), Francis X. Stankard of the CFR's Chase-Manhattan Bank (using another brother CFR member John J. McCloy on the Warren Commission), Lee Iacocca of Ford Motor Company (using Carl Renas, head of security for the Dearborn Division to drive the bullet-ridden Presidential limousine from Washington D.C. to a Ford dealership in Cincinnati for the purpose of removing all evidence of multiple gunshots) and John A. McCone, Director of the Central Intelligence Agency who personally delivered National Security Memorandum 273 for President Johnson's signature, thereby reversing President Kennedy's decision to de-escalate "Spelly's War" in Vietnam.
http://www.vaticanassassins.org/fran...l_spellman.htm



Quote:
J. Peter Grace and Project Paperclip

On January 16, 1980 ABC-TV broadcast a special "News Closeup," "Escape from Justice: Nazi War Criminals in America" which discussed Grace's Role in Project Paperclip.

The transcript of the program, available from ABC on request, states,

"Project Paperclip ....... from the end of WW II to the mid-1950's brought more than 900 German scientists to the United States. ..... Otto Ambros ..... was a chemist and a Director of the notorious I.G. Farben Company which supplied gasoline and rubber for Hitler's war effort. Ambros ...... played a supervisory role in the construction of Farben's plant in the Polish village of Auschwitz. For I.G. Farben, Auschwitz concentration inmates provided a plentiful source of cheap labor. ..... The Nuremberg prosecution charged that each day at Farhen's plant one hundred people died from sheer exhaustion. ...... Otto Ambros was convicted of slavery and mass murder and sentenced to eight years in prison. But even while on trial at Nuremberg, Ambros was a target for U.S. recruiters from 'Project Paperclip.' His prison sentence was commuted after only three years by American officials and he was helped in a bid to enter the United States by ...... J. Peter Grace, President of W. R. Grace, a major American chemical company. .....

An internal State Department document describes how J. Peter Grace helped Otto Ambros in his efforts to enter the U.S. In a memorandum to the U.S. Ambassador to Germany, Grace acknowledges that Ambros was a war criminal. But he adds that in the years he's known Ambros, ...... 'we have developed a very deep admiration, not only for his ability, but more important, for his character in terms of truthfulness and integrity.'

Today Otto Ambros does consulting work tor W. R. Grace and Company and lives here in Mannheim, Germany. In a recent telephone interview Ambros [said] 'I'm happy to still be working as a chemist ...... but it's funny. Now I'm helping the Americans.' "

In June 1981, largely in response to the efforts of well known war crimes researcher Charles Allen, Yeshiva University cancelled a $150-a-plate dinner it had organized to honor Grace. (See also, Joe Conason and Martin A. Rosenblatt, "The Corporate State of Grace," 'Village Voice', April 12, 1983.)

When the scandal broke in West Germany over the Flick company paying huge sums of money to various politicians and parties, it was learned that additionally Flick had taken improper tax waivers and used the money to pump millions of dollars into W. R. Grace Co., becoming a major shareholder. Friedrich Karl Flick himself sits on the Grace Board. As the Moscow New Times reminded its readers (No. 8, 1983, citing Der Spiegel), Friedrich Karl's father, Flick Sr., had poured money into the coffers of the Nazi party in January 1933, and, ''after Goering had promised the Ruhr magnates that "the March 5 elections will be the last elections in this decade and perhaps in this century,'' he contributed another 200,000 marks; this sum was handed to SS Reichfuhrer Himmler. Flick Sr. was subsequently sentenced at Nuremberg to seven years for using slave labor, spoliation and being an accessory to the crimes of the SS. To ensure a good beginning for his son, the war criminal sent him after the war for early training with W. R. Grace.
http://www.mosquitonet.com/~prewett/caqsmom25.1.html

Quote:
Remarks at the Annual Dinner of the Knights of Malta in New York, New York

January 13, 1989

Your Eminences, Your Excellency, Your Most Eminent Highness, President Peter Grace, and ladies and gentlemen, tonight for me is a moment from humility: to stand here before you, the members of the most ancient order of its kind in the world, formed in the Holy Land 900 years ago -- or as some of us would say, only yesterday. [Laughter] But to stand in this way before the members of this order with its remarkable history, which speaks to the entire ebb and flow of Western civilization, and its noble present, which is a monument to the highest values of free men and women, is to be reminded once again that the only true calling of man is service to God, and to have served in that calling is cause not for pride but for gratitude

[...]

Note: The President spoke at 8:23 p.m. in the Grand Ballroom at the Waldorf Astoria Hotel. In his opening remarks, he referred to John Cardinal O'Connor, Archbishop of New York; James Cardinal Hickey, Archbishop of Washington, DC; Andrew Bertie, prince and grand master of the military order of the Knights of Malta; and J. Peter Grace, president of the American Association of the Knights of Malta. Following his remarks, the President returned to Washington, DC. The remarks were released by the Office of the Press Secretary on January 14.
http://www.reagan.utexas.edu/archive...389c.htm(proof of SMOM membership)


Quote:
J. Peter Grace - CNP Membership Directory (1984-85; 1988). Bachelor of Arts Yale University (1936), started in 1936 as Assistant Secretary at W. R. Grace, in 1945 became President and CEO, Newcomen Society, CFR, Knights of Malta: American Chapter of the Board of Founders, Knights of Malta President, 114 Avenue of the Americas [Who's Who in America (1976-77, 1992-93)] Grace was involved in Project Paperclip -- a post World War II CIA arrangement to remove classified information from dossiers so that former SS members and 900+ Nazi scientists could emigrate to the U. S. Hundreds of war criminals would find employment within government agencies and companies such as W.R. Grace chemical company whose president was J. Peter Grace.

When it was at its height in drug experiments, operation MK-ULTRA was formed. This was the brainchild of Richard Helms who later came to be a CIA director. It was designed to defeat the "enemy" in its brain- washing techniques. MK-ULTRA had another arm involved in Chemical and Biological Warfare (CBW) known as MK-DELTA. The "doctors" who participated in these experiments used some of the same techniques as the Nazi "doctors". Those doctors who were not indicted in the Nuremberg trials were imported from Germany under the program called "Operation Paperclip." The Nazi doctors were a valuable source of information to the CIA since many of the U.S. techniques mimicked what had already been done by the Nazis. [Winds, CIA: Bastion of Integrity]

From 1982-95, J. Peter Grace (CFR) was Chairman of the Advisory Committee of AmeriCares, which included William E. Simon (CFR), Treasury Secretary under Richard Nixon. The Honorary Chair of AmeriCares is Zbigniew Brzezinski (BB/CFR/TC); Ambassador-At-Large is Barbara Bush and the Advisory Committee includes: Prescott S. Bush, Jr. [brother to former Pres. George Bush (CFR)], 33º Mason Gen. Colin L. Powell (ret.) (CFR) and Sol M. Linowitz (CFR/TC), chairman of Xerox Corp and officer of the World Future Society. Sol Linowitz was also a representative to the Organization of American States and co-founder in 1964 with David Rockefeller (CFR) of the International Executive Services Corp, an international business development organization for which Linowitz and Rockefeller received the Medal of Freedom Award in 1998. [John Birch Society]
http://www.watch.pair.com/database.html

Quote:
Using his inherent talent, drive, and devotion to the Association, Cardinal Spellman was able to enlist the aid of some of America’s elite, including: John J. Raskob, chairman of General Motors; John Farrell, then president of U.S. Steel; Joseph P. Grace of W.R. Grace & Co.; Joseph Kennedy, a Boston entrepreneur; George MacDonald of Pennsylvania; and John D. Ryan.
http://users.panola.com/AAGHS/ARTICLES/MALTA.html


Other sites stating Grace is a KoM:


Social Network Diagram:

http://www.namebase.org/cgi-bin/nb06...E_J_PETER%20JR

Sources:


Quote:
GRACE J PETER JR
Nicaragua 1985 Honduras 1985

* Agee,P. Inside the Company: CIA Diary. 1975 (244)
* Agee,P. Poelchau,W. Whitepaper Whitewash. 1981 (49)
* Black,J.K. United States Penetration of Brazil. 1977 (112, 114, 119)
* Business Week. CEOs of 1000 Top Companies. 1991-11-25 (194)
* Cockburn,L. Out of Control. 1987 (17)
* Colby,G. Dennett,C. Thy Will Be Done. 1995 (312, 397, 673-4, 717)
* Constantine,A. Psychic Dictatorship in the U.S.A. 1995 (185)
* Council on Foreign Relations. Membership Roster. 1992
* CounterSpy 1975-W (33, 42)
* CounterSpy 1978-12 (12)
* CounterSpy 1979-05 (13)
* CounterSpy 1981-04 (14)
* CounterSpy 1984-08 (32)
* Covert Action Information Bulletin 1986-#25 (28, 33-5, 37)
* Diamond,S. Spiritual Warfare. 1989 (13, 155-6)
* Domhoff,G.W. The Higher Circles. 1971 (262)
* Frazier,H. Uncloaking the CIA. 1978 (263)
* Guardian (New York) 1985-03-13 (3)
* Gutierrez,C. The Dominican Republic. 1972 (37)
* Higham,C. American Swastika. 1985 (203)
* Hirsch,F. Fletcher,R. The CIA and the Labour Movement. 1977 (16-7)
* Hirsch,F. Our AFL-CIO Role in Latin America. 1974 (3, 6)
* Hunt,L. Secret Agenda. 1991 (256)
* Intelligence (Paris) 1995-03-27 (14)
* Intelligence (Paris) 1995-04-24 (15)
* Lernoux,P. Cry of the People. 1982 (206, 211, 226)
* Lernoux,P. People of God. 1989 (201, 287, 291-7)
* Los Angeles Times 1982-04-24 (I14)
* Mother Jones 1983-07 (24)
* NACLA. Argentina. 1975 (63)
* NACLA. Yanqui Dollar. 1971 (44)
* National Reporter 1985-SU (38)
* National Reporter 1986-W (57-60)
* National Reporter 1986-SU (25)
* New York Times 1987-12-07 (D1, 9)
* PRODEMCA. National Council Member. 1986
* Parapolitics/USA 1982-03-31 (33-5, 37)
* Resource Center. AIFLD in Central America. 1986 (7-8, 10, 61, 71)
* Resource Center. Bulletin 1989-F (5)
* Resource Center. GroupWatch 1989-CANF (1-3)
* Resource Center. GroupWatch 1991-SMOM (1-2)
* Resource Center. The New Right Humanitarians. 1986 (28, 36)
* Resource Center. Workers of the World Undermined. 1991 (5)
* Reuther,V. The Brothers Reuther. 1979 (417)
* Sanders,J. Peddlers of Crisis. 1983 (156)
* Simpson,C. Blowback. 1988 (126)
* Sklar,H. Washington's War on Nicaragua. 1988 (240-1)
* Sojourners Magazine 1985-10 (16)
* Stewart,J. Den of Thieves. 1991 (222)
* Village Voice 1985-05-07 (22)
* Washington Post 1984-12-27 (A1, 25)
* Washington Post 1990-03-18 (B2)
* Washington Times 1995-04-21 (A9)
* Weissman,S. Trojan Horse. 1975 (122, 124)
* Who's Who in America. 1984-1985
* Wilcox,D.A... The Right Guide. 1993 (63)
* Win Magazine 1975-09-18 (10)
* Z Magazine 1989-12 (53)

pages cited this search: 101
http://www.namebase.org/cgi-bin/nb01...E_J_PETER%20JR

Social Network Diagram of the family company:

http://www.namebase.org/cgi-bin/nb06...E_W.R._COMPANY

Sources:


Quote:
GRACE W.R. COMPANY
Peru 1960-1970 Ecuador 1963 Nicaragua 1986

* Agee,P. Inside the Company: CIA Diary. 1975 (294)
* Borosage,R. Marks,J. The CIA File. 1976 (80)
* CounterSpy 1979-05 (13)
* CounterSpy 1984-08 (32)
* Diamond,S. Spiritual Warfare. 1989 (13, 155)
* Hunt,L. Secret Agenda. 1991 (130)
* Intelligence/Parapolitics (Paris) 1987-07 (13)
* Lernoux,P. Cry of the People. 1982 (225-7)
* Lernoux,P. People of God. 1989 (287, 292-4)
* Loftus,J. Aarons,M. The Secret War Against the Jews. 1994 (111)
* Lundberg,F. The Rich and the Super-Rich. 1969 (316)
* NACLA. The University-Military-Police Complex. 1970 (40)
* NACLA. Yanqui Dollar. 1971 (44)
* National Reporter 1985-SU (38)
* New York Times 1987-12-07 (D1, 9)
* Parapolitics/USA 1982-03-31 (33-4, 36-7)
* Parvus Company. Brochure. 1987 (3)
* Rampton,S. Stauber,J. Trust Us, We're Experts! 2001 (202-3)
* Resource Center. AIFLD in Central America. 1986 (8 )
* Resource Center. GroupWatch 1991-SMOM (2)
* Saloma,J. Ominous Politics. 1984 (43)
* Washington Post 1992-06-16 (A6)
* Weissman,S. Trojan Horse. 1975 (124)

pages cited this search: 34
http://www.namebase.org/main2/Grace-...E-Company.html

Since Grace was crucial in setting up the Americares Foundation here is its social network diagram:

Sources:

http://www.namebase.org/cgi-bin/nb06...ES_FOUNDATION_

Quote:
AMERICARES FOUNDATION
Honduras 1982-1985 Guatemala 1982-1985 El Salvador 1982-1984 Brazil 1984
Nicaragua 1985-1988 Philippines 1987

* Anderson,S.& J. Inside the League. 1986 (183)
* COHA. Resource Center. NED: A Foreign Policy Branch Gone Awry. 1990 (45)
* Columbia Journalism Review 1988-08 (32, 35)
* Covert Action Information Bulletin 1986-#25 (35-6, 53)
* Covert Action Information Bulletin 1988-#29 (22)
* DeCamp,J. The Franklin Cover-up. 1994 (180-1)
* Guardian (New York) 1985-03-13 (3)
* Lernoux,P. People of God. 1989 (295)
* National Reporter 1986-W (58, 60)
* Naylor,R.T. Hot Money and the Politics of Debt. 1994 (157, 398)
* Resource Center. The New Right Humanitarians. 1986 (46-7)
* Sklar,H. Washington's War on Nicaragua. 1988 (240-1)
* Sojourners Magazine 1985-10 (16)
* Washington Post 1984-12-27 (A1, 25)
* Washington Post 1985-05-03 (A22)

pages cited this search: 24
http://www.namebase.org/cgi-bin/nb01...ES_FOUNDATION_
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Prince Junio Valerio Scipione Borghese - Italian Elite Naval Commander and Leader of the Fascist Terrorist Outfit: X-MAS



Quote:
Junio Valerio Borghese

Prince Junio Valerio Scipione Borghese (6 June 1906 - 26 August 1974) was an Italian naval commander and controversial political figure.

Junio Valerio Borghese was born in Rome into the wealthy Borghese noble family, and educated in London and from 1923 at the Royal Italian Navy Academy (Accademia Navale) in Livorno.

In 1929 his naval career began, and by 1933 he was a submarine commander. He took part in the Ethiopian War and during the Spanish Civil War was in command of the Italian submarine Iride.

At the start of the Second World War he took command of the submarine Pisani, and in August 1940 was in command of the submarine Scir?, which was modified to carry the new secret Italian weapon, the human torpedo. Known as a SLCs (siluri a lenta corsa - slow speed torpedoes), and nicknamed maiali (pigs), these were small underwater assault vehicles with a crew of two. In September 1941 Borghese managed to enter Gibraltar harbour to launch the human torpedos on a raid which damaged three ships. On 18 December 1941, he reached Alexandria and launched three SLCs that damaged the Royal Navy battleships HMS Valiant and HMS Queen Elizabeth, and the tanker Sagona.

In 1942 J. Valerio Borghese took command of the elite naval sabotage unit of the Italian Navy, which included surface assault craft, human torpedoes, midget submarines and SCUBA assault swimmers. This unit, known as the Decima Flottiglia MAS, or X-MAS, saw active service in the Mediterranean and pioneered new techniques of commando assault warfare, commanding the admiration of Italians and the respect of the Royal Navy.

Following the surrender of Italy on 8 September 1943, Decima Flottiglia was disbanded, and some of its sailors joined the Allied cause to fight against Germany. Borghese chose to ally himself with the fascist Italian Social Republic and continue fighting alongside the German armed forces, and on 12 September 1943 he signed a treaty of alliance with the German Navy. Many of his colleagues volunteered to serve with him, and the Decima Flottiglia was revived, headquartered in the Palazzo Fantoni in Salo. By the end of the war it had over 18,000 members, and although Borghese conceived it as a purely military unit, it gained a reputation as a savage pro-fascist, anti-communist, anti-resistance force in land campaigns alongside the German army, under the command of SS General Wolff.

At the end of the war Borghese was arrested by partisans, but rescued by OSS officer James Angleton, who dressed him up in an American uniform and drove him to Rome for interrogation by the Allies. Borghese was tried and convicted of war crimes, sentenced to 12 years imprisonment, but released from jail by the Italian Supreme Court in 1949.

With his record as a war hero and his support of fascism, he became a figurehead for pro-fascist, anti-communist groups in the immediate post-war period, acquiring the nickname Black Prince. He was associated with the Movimento Sociale Italiano (MSI), the neo-Fascist party formed in the post-World War II period by supporters of the executed dictator Benito Mussolini, and its successor the Fronte Nazionale.

Borghese's name is also linked with plots by the CIA to promote fascism in post-war Italy as a means of combating communism.

Latterly regarded as a political outcast, Junio Valerio Borghese died in Cadiz in 1974.

He wrote a popular memoir of his wartime exploits, published as "Sea Devils" in 1954.
http://www.indopedia.org/Junio_Valerio_Borghese.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Junio_Valerio_Borghese

Quote:
Meanwhile, James Jesus Angleton, who would later become the CIA's controversial director of counterintelligence, was dispatched by admiral Ellery Stone, U.S. proconsul in occupied Italy, to rescue Prince Valerio Borghese from possible arrest by the Italian Resistance, which had sentenced him to death for war crimes. Borghese, who survived to be a leader in Italy's postwar fascist politics, was a Bailiff Grand Cross of Honor and Devotion of SMOM, and in gratitude for U.S. services to him and other Knights, SMOM gave Stone, Angleton and Angelton's deputy its Grand Cross award. Other recipients of the coveted award were Reinhard Gehlen and Truman's Vatican envoy, Myron C. Taylor.
http://www.mosquitonet.com/~prewett/ncrmay890910.html

Quote:
The career of the Roman "Black Prince," Junio Valerio Borghese, gruesomely illustrates how virtually all modern "international terrorism" and all assassinations of heads of state and government such as President John F. Kennedy, former Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro, or the numerous attempts on France's President Charles de Gaulle, derive from the postwar Nazi International, sponsored by the Anglo-American-led Synarchy and its intelligence services. To trace all the ramifications of that career, is to open a door onto the centuries-old highest level of the financial oligarchy—the Synarchy: the aristocratic families of the "black nobility," the Sovereign Military Order of the Knights of Malta, and the heirs of what Pope John Paul I called the "ancients" of Venice.

The fascist Borghese founded Mussolini's elite naval warfare squadron, which he turned into a savage irregular warfare unit in northern Italy by the end of World War II. Picked up by Allen Dulles, James Jesus Angleton, and other anti-Franklin Delano Roosevelt operatives of the U.S. Office of Strategic Services (OSS), Borghese and his men would be involved in every major postwar coup attempt or terrorist outbreak in Italy until 1970, when he fled to Spain after the failed coup attempt most closely associated with his name. From Italy, and then while in Spain, he maintained connections all over Europe and with the bloody Operation Condor torture-and-murder syndicate in Ibero-America. An examination of Borghese's career enables one to peer beneath the surface of terrorism and spectacular assassinations, into the netherworld whence these actions are launched: where international high finance; ancient aristocratic families; pro-fascist elements of the Curia of the Catholic Church; leading fascists of the Hitler-Mussolini era; and the Anglo-American intelligence services, in particular those of NATO, are all unified in a war against the modern nation-state.

The British and U.S. intelligence services' files on Borghese are still classified, as are the Borghese family archives in the Vatican after 1922, when Mussolini seized power. The present book is the first biography of Borghese in English. When correlated with other recent exposés of Gladio, the post-World War II NATO "stay-behind" network in Europe, and when all are situated within the work of Lyndon LaRouche and his associates on the Synarchy, it is a notable contribution to unmasking international terrorism, though the book's authors are perhaps not always aware of the full implications of what they present.[1]

Borghese belonged to a principal family of Rome's ostensibly Catholic "black nobility," many members of which claim descent from the elite of the Roman Empire. Numerous Popes and cardinals came from the Borghese and allied families, such as the Pallavicini, the Colonna, and the Orsini; these families maintained enormous power into the 20th Century, and still today, in the Curia, the administration of the Vatican. Their faction within the Church helped construct the infamous "rat-line"—run, in part, through monasteries and convents—which spirited thousands of Fascists and Nazis out of Europe after the war, into Ibero-America, Asia, and the Middle East.

[...]

Essential to Angleton's activities, to the establishment of the first stay-behind units in Italy, and to the organization of the Vatican-linked "rat-lines" which smuggled fascists out of Europe at war's end, was the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM). The Rome-based SMOM was a nominally Catholic organization with membership drawn from the highest ranks of the European oligarchy, in particular Italy's black nobility. The SMOM awarded Angleton one of its highest decorations in 1946. A member of the "Black Prince's" family, S. Giacomo, Prince Borghese, had been a Bailiff Grand Cross of Honor of Devotion in the SMOM since 1932, while P2 founder Licio Gelli and several of his top members, including secret service heads, also belonged.
http://www.larouchepub.com/other/200...ck_prince.html

Quote:
The Italian Communist Party’s newspaper reports the Piazza Fontana massacre of 1969, the opening shot of the Gladio-run
“Strategy of Tension.”
(p63)

Quote:
Enter NATO

The collapse of the communist states in the East caused many in the West to query the further need for NATO. It is now evident that this query was based on two grave misconceptions: 1) the NATO had been set up solely to resist Soviet expansion, and 2) that the collapse of the latter had meant the end of the marxist ideal. Had this been so, logic would have decreed immediate redundancy for NATO! By the very nature of it’s conception in April 1949, NATO operates under American patronage and hegemony. Patronage, as attested to under its Article 3 whereby $25 billion of military aid was given to its partners by the US in the first twenty years only of its existence hegemony, as attested to by a glance at NATO's command structure which reveals that, of its three 'commands' -SAFEUR or SHAPE (covering Europe), SACLANT (the Atlantic) and CINCHAN (the Channel) - the first two named, the crucial areas, can be under only American command (Eisenhower, Haig, etc).

NATO's true role since its formation has been to act as a counter-revolutionary, counter-reformist arm of the Corporate West. This was clarified by no less a person than George Kennan (once again) when he stated that, when NATO was formed, the State department considered ".the communist danger in its most threatening form as an internal problem - that is, of western society" - and if anybody should have known it was he. This was a statement, moreover, that conformed precisely - and understandably - to the tenets of corporate America. This now calls for a closer look at NATO's Article 9, which empowered the setting up of subsidiary bodies, such as civilian institutes, military staff and other such. The fact the GLADIO is such a 'subsidiary body' is enough to cause unease. GLADIO (aka GLAIVE, aka ZWAARD) is a secret anti-Left terrorist group set up by the Clandestine Planning Committee of SHAPE in 1959. Recent judicial investigations into political corruption in Italy have unearthed evidence linking GLADIO to post-war terrorist acts in that country (such as the Bologna bombing). One such act - though an abortive one - was the attempted coup d'etat in 1970 led by Prince Valerio Borghese and his neo-fascist protégé Stephano delle Chiaie - a known terrorist. Borghese, a fascist and naval commander in the war, had been sentenced to death for war crimes by the Italian Resistance at war's end, but rescued by James Jesus Angleton, who headed the OSS-controlled American/British Special Counter-Intelligence Team, SCI-Z, then operating in Italy (Angleton later became head of CIA Counter-Intelligence, and throughout his career retained exclusive control over CIA liaison with the Vatican). Borghese, for his part, played a leading role in post-war fascist politics, and was a Bailiff Grand Cross of Honour and Devotion in the SMOM.

http://www.bilderberg.org/bildhist.htm

Quote:
10. Stuart Christie, Stefano delle Chiaie, Portrait of a Black Terrorist (London: Anarchy Magazine, 1984), at p.6. One member of the family, S.E. Don Giangiacomo, Principe Borghese, had been a Bailiff Grand Cross Of Honor and Devotion of SMOM since June 4,1932. Christie's book includes a photo of Borghese driven by an unidentified SS officer in 1944, with the caption, ``Borghese was then [1944] head of 'XMAS' (Decima MAS), a special forces corps of 4,000 men founded in 1941. Borghese assumed command after the Italian armistice and XMAS was officially recognized by the Nazi High Command on September 14, 1943. Under his direction, XMAS was responsible for the torture and mass murder of Italian partisans. Ibid., p. 7; see also Laurent, op. cit., n.9.
Sites mentioning Borghese as being a KoM:

Social Network Diagram:

Sources:

Quote:
BORGHESE VALERIO
Italy 1945-1974 Spain 1970 Chile 1974

* Chernyavsky,V. The CIA in the Dock. 1983 (107-8, 142)
* Christie,S. Stefano Delle Chiaie. 1984 (6-8, 18, 66-8)
* Covert Action Information Bulletin 1986-#25 (14, 31)
* Covert Action Quarterly 1994-#49 (22-3, 25-6)
* DiFonzo,L. St.Peter's Banker. 1983 (102, 104)
* Dinges,J. The Condor Years. 2004 (127)
* Gurwin,L. The Calvi Affair. 1984 (186)
* Herman,E. Brodhead,F. Rise and Fall of Bulgarian Connection. 1986 (72, 74, 80)
* Intelligence (Paris) 2001-04-02 (28)
* Intelligence Newsletter (Paris) 1989-02-15 (5)
* Intelligence/Parapolitics (Paris) 1984-11 (18)
* Kruger,H. The Great Heroin Coup. 1980 (10, 210)
* Lee,M. The Beast Reawakens. 1997 (187-8, 190)
* Lernoux,P. In Banks We Trust. 1984 (170, 177-8, 188, 190, 211)
* Lernoux,P. People of God. 1989 (288-9)
* Marshall,J... The Iran-Contra Connection. 1987 (69, 254)
* Syrokomsky,V. International Terrorism and the CIA. 1983 (222-4)
* Village Voice 1976-02-20 (23)
* Willan,P. Puppetmasters. 1991 (84, 90-9, 118, 160)
* Winks,R. Cloak and Gown. 1987 (217, 369)

pages cited this search: 60
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Old 11-09-2010, 02:14 PM   #12
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Allen Welsh Dulles - Lawyer; OSS Top Officer; First Head of the CIA



Quote:
Allen Welsh Dulles (April 7, 1893 – January 29, 1969) was the first civilian and the longest serving (1953-1961) Director of Central Intelligence (de-facto head of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency) and a member of the Warren Commission. Between stints of government service, Dulles was a corporate lawyer and partner at Sullivan & Cromwell.

Dulles was appointed by William J. Donovan to become head of operations in New York for the Coordinator of Information (COI), which was set up in Room 3603 of Rockefeller Center, taking over offices staffed by Britain's MI6. The COI was the precursor to the Office of Strategic Services, renamed in 1942.

During the 1930s Allen Dulles gained much experience in Germany. An early foe of Adolf Hitler, Dulles was transferred from Britain to Berne, Switzerland for the rest of World War II, and notably was heavily involved in the controversial and secret Operation Sunrise. He is featured in the classic Soviet TV series Seventeen Moments of Spring for his role in that operation. Dulles became the station chief in Berne, Switzerland, for the newly formed Office of Strategic Services (the precursor to the CIA), a logical one. Dulles supplied his government with much sensitive information about Nazi Germany.

Dulles worked on intelligence regarding German plans and activities. Dulles established wide contacts with German émigrés, resistance figures, and anti-Nazi intelligence officers (who linked him, through Hans Bernd Gisevius, to the tiny but daring opposition to Hitler in Germany itself). Although Washington barred Dulles from making firm commitments to the plotters of the 20 July 1944 attempt to assassinate Hitler, the conspirators nonetheless gave him reports on developments in Germany, including sketchy but accurate warnings of plans for Hitler’s V-1 and V-2 missiles.

Dulles's career was jump-started by the information provided by Fritz Kolbe, a German diplomat and a foe of the Nazis. Kolbe supplied secret documents regarding active German spies and plans regarding the Messerschmitt Me 262 jet fighter. In 1945, he played a central role in negotiations leading to the unconditional capitulation of German troops in Italy.

After the war in Europe, Dulles served for six months as the OSS Berlin station chief. In 1947, Congress created the Central Intelligence Agency. Dulles was closely involved with its development. His translator at this time was Henry Kissinger, who worked for Army Intelligence.

Dulles' CIA Operation Paperclip assimilated Nazi scientists into the American establishment by obscuring their histories and short circuiting efforts to bring their true stories to light. The project was led by officers in the United States Army. Although the program officially ended in September 1947, those officers and others carried out a conspiracy until the mid-fifties that bypassed both law and presidential directive to keep Paperclip going. Neither Presidents Truman nor Eisenhower were informed that their instructions were ignored.

In the 1948 Presidential election, Allen Dulles was Republican nominee Thomas E. Dewey's chief advisor. The Dulles brothers and James Forrestal helped form the Office of Policy Coordination.Under President Eisenhower, Dulles became CIA director.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allen_Dulles


Quote:
They also shared another very interesting commonality, they were all faithful Catholics. And not just that; Pinay, Habsburg, and Adenauer were members of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM). Pinay, Habsburg and the less prominent Jean Violet have also been accused of involvement with Opus Dei. On the membership list of Le Cercle you'll find plenty of names accused of having been connected with the Knights of Malta, Opus Dei, or the Priory the Sion (monarchist templar organization).

This is all the more interesting, because Joseph Retinger, who recruited Bernhard and others to set up Bilderberg, was another Vatican agent; a Jesuit and likely a Knight of Malta. At the end of WWII, the Knights of Malta have been involved with smuggling nazis out of Germany with the help of the OSS (later CIA), an organisation they themselves created.

In turn, the CIA funded the covert anti-communist war in Europe, including Radio Free Europe, the Economist, the European Council of Princes, the Gehlen Organization, the Stay-Behind networks, the Pinay Circle, and the overall European moverment. A lot of this money was funneled through American Committee on United Europe (ACUE), which was established at the direction of Duncan Sandys, Joseph Retinger, Allen Dulles, and William Donovan. Dulles and Donovan were top CIA chiefs and Knights of Malta, Retinger a Vatican agent, and Duncan Sandys a son-in-law of Churchill. Besides the CIA's clandestine efforts, the Ford Foundation and the Rockefeller Institute were the prime sponsors of the ACUE

http://www.declarepeace.org.uk/capta...te/gladio.html

Quote:
Included it in the original Circle article but I have no clue of its source. Besides, Dulles died in 1969, the year the Circle was supposedly founded.

Brother of John F. Dulles. Princeton up to 1916. Attended Cap & Gown events, according to Kay Griggs, just as Donald Rumsfeld, William Colby, Frank Carlucci, James Baker, George Griggs, and George P. Shultz (August 3, 2005, Rense). Sent to Bern, Switzerland to work under State Department senior Hugh Wilson (Skull & Bones 1909) to collect political information on Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire 1916-1918. Joines his older brother, John Foster Dulles (Pilgrim), and David Bruce (Pilgrim) as members of President Woodrow Wilson's staff at the Versailles Peace Conference in 1919. Became a partner in Sullivan & Cromwell from 1927. Director of Schroder Co. Director Council on Foreign Relations 1927-1933. Secretary Council on Foreign Relations 1933-1944. In May 1941 he urges the U.S. to enter World War II. Recruited by OSS intelligence chief and Knight of Malta Colonel William J. Donovan 1941. Sets up and runs a spy post in Bern, Switzerland 1942-1945. Vice-president Council on Foreign Relations 1944-1946. Said to have been involved in Operation Paperclip where about many German scientists and their families were secretly imported into the United States and placed into the Military-Industrial complex. President Council on Foreign Relations 1946-1950. Director Central Intelligence Agency 1953-1961. Member of President Johnson’s Commission on the Assassination of President Kennedy 1963-1964 (forerunner of the Warren Commission). Primary United Fruit Company shareholder. Dulles International Airport in Washington, D.C. is named after him. Dulles was a member of Le Cercle and the Order of Malta. Member of the Pilgrims Society. Seems to have been a member of the 'Knight's Templar' (together with Kermit Roosevelt and Frank Wisner), an elite intelligence group within the CIA.
http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/so...lecercle02.htm

Quote:
The SMOM awarded its Croce Al Merito Seconda Classe to Italy's OSS chief James Jesus Angleton in 1946, around the same time it honored his boss, Allen Dulles.
http://larouchepub.com/other/2005/32...ck_prince.html

Quote:
Knight William Donovan served as chief aide to the American prosecutor at the post-war Nuremberg trials, after handing over the reigns of the OSS/CIA to fellow Knight Allen Dulles.

Prior to working for the OSS (he headed the OSS station in Switzerland during the war) Allen Dulles and his law partner John Foster had served as business managers and lawyers to John D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil. They personally brokered the partnership between Standard Oil and I.G. Farben chemical corporation. I.G.Farben not only produced gasoline for the Nazi war machine, it manufactured "Zyklon B", used slave labor before and during the war (including their huge petro-chemical factory adjacent to Auschwitz death camp), owned Bayer Pharmaceuticals which according to a current lawsuit was directly involved in Dr. Josef Mengele's horrific Auschwitz experiments, and was spared from Allied bombings due to its Rockefeller interests.

http://www.voxfux.com/features/knightsofmalta.html

Other sites mentioning Allen Dulles having a SMOM membership:


Social Network Diagram:

http://www.namebase.org/cgi-bin/nb06...ES_ALLEN_WELSH

Sources:


Quote:
DULLES ALLEN WELSH
Turkey 1921 Switzerland 1942-1945 Guatemala 1954 Cambodia 1955 Cuba 1961

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* Marks,J. The Search for the Manchurian Candidate. 1980 (87)
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* McCartney,L. Friends in High Places. 1988 (74, 115-8)
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* Melanson,P. Spy Saga. 1990 (4-5, 129-33)
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* Yakovlev,N. Washington Silhouettes. 1985 (217)

pages cited this search: 730



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Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini - Italy's Fascist Wartime Prime Minister

Quote:
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (July 29, 1883 – April 28, 1945) was the prime minister of Italy from 1922 until 1943, when he was overthrown. He established a Fascist regime that valued nationalism, militarism and anti-communism combined with strict censorship and state propaganda. Mussolini became a close ally of German dictator Adolf Hitler, whom he influenced. Mussolini entered World War II in June 1940 on the side of Nazi Germany. Three years later, the Allies invaded Italy and occupied most of southern Italy. In April 1945, Mussolini attempted to escape to Switzerland, only to be captured and killed near Lake Como by Italian communist partisans. His body was brought to Milan where it was hung upside down at a petrol station for public viewing and confirmation of his demise.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benito_Mussolini
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Knights_of_Malta


Knights of Malta Insignia are clearly visible (Proof Positive 3X)

Quote:
Grand Master Ludovico Chigi Albani della Rovere awarded the Grand Cross of Honour and Devotion to Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. He was also awarded a knighthood prior to World War II.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soverei...f_Malta#_ref-7

Quote:
Grand Cross of Honour and Devotion of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.

Awarded by Grand Master Ludovico Chigi della Rovere Albani (Grand Master 1931-1951)
Source of information on the award: Peyrefitte, Roger. Knights of Malta.
Translated from the French by Edward Hyams. Secker & Warburg, London, 1960, page 96.
http://www.orderstjohn.org/nazi/duce.htm
http://www2.prestel.co.uk/church/nazi/duce.htm

Quote:
The Knights of Malta and the Knights Hospitalers are now known as the Order of Malta, not to be confused with the island republic of Malta. The Order of Malta was given extraterritorial buildings in Rome by Benito Mussolini, and they function almost as a miniature country, with their own flag, and sending ambassadors, to their embassies, in many leading countries. The Order of Malta is well established in England, Scotland, and France, not to mention Italy.
http://www.cephas-library.com/masonr...he_temple.html

Quote:
Mussolini signs the Lateran Pact of 1929, which brought into being the Vatican City State.
http://www.aloha.net/~mikesch/wound.htm

Quote:
Cardinal Gasparri and Benito Mussolini (seated) after exchanging treaty ratifications in the Hall of Congregations, the Vatican, June 7th, 1929.
http://www.aloha.net/~mikesch/wound.htm

Social network Diagram:

http://www.namebase.org/cgi-bin/nb06?_MUSSOLINI_BENITO_


Sources:

Quote:
MUSSOLINI BENITO
Italy 1919-1945

* Adams,J. Secret Armies. 1988 (24)
* Black,E. IBM and the Holocaust. 2001 (70, 131)
* Chernow,R. The House of Morgan. 1990 (277-86, 402-7, 454-7)
* Cooney,J. The American Pope. 1984 (43-9, 133)
* Corvo,M. The O.S.S. in Italy, 1942-1945. 1990 (23, 255-6)
* Finder,J. Red Carpet. 1983 (61)
* Gurwin,L. The Calvi Affair. 1984 (1, 3-4, 184)
* LeBor,A. Hitler's Secret Bankers. 1997 (159-60, 211)
* Lee,M. The Beast Reawakens. 1997 (9-10, 17-8)
* McCoy,A. The Politics of Heroin. 1991 (30)
* NameBase NewsLine 1997-01 (8 )
* Naylor,R.T. Hot Money and the Politics of Debt. 1994 (77-8, 83)
* Nicaso,A. Lamothe,L. Global Mafia. 1995 (55-6)
* Parenti,M. Dirty Truths. 1996 (258-60)
* Parenti,M. Inventing Reality. 1993 (114-5)
* Pool,J. Hitler and His Secret Partners. 1997 (49, 94, 102, 171, 182, 305-7)
* Quigley,C. Tragedy and Hope. 1966 (570-2, 575-6, 762, 764, 805)
* Seldes,G. Iron, Blood and Profits. 1934 (4-5, 8, 252-3, 262)
* Seldes,G. One Thousand Americans. 1947 (81-2, 128, 137)
* Sterling,C. Octopus. 1991 (51-2)
* Swanberg,W.A. Luce and His Empire. 1972 (71-3, 75-8, 108, 126-7)
* Thomas,K. Popular Alienation: A Steamshovel Press Reader. 1995 (232)
* Tosches,N. Power on Earth. 1986 (22-4)
* Van der Pijl,K. The Making of an Atlantic Ruling Class. 1997 (67)
* Willan,P. Puppetmasters. 1991 (30-1)

pages cited this search: 103
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Francis Joseph Cardinal Spellman - Archbishop of New York; Grand Protector of the American Branch of SMOM



Quote:
Francis Joseph Cardinal Spellman (May 4, 1889 – December 2, 1967) was the ninth bishop and sixth archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York. He served as Archbishop of New York from 1939 until his death, and was named a cardinal by Pope Pius XII in 1946.
[...]

He was Grand Prior of USA of the Sovereign Order of Malta and Grand Prior of America of the Military and Hospitaller Order of St. Lazarus.[/quote]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Cardinal_Spellman
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Knights_of_Malta

Quote:
The American Association of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (Knights of Malta, SMOM) was founded in 1927. "By 1941 Francis Cardinal Spellman was listed as the 'Grand Protector' and 'Spritual Advisor' of the Order, with John J. Raskob as Treasurer. Members included John Farrell, then President of U.S. Steel, Joseph P. Grace, and John D. Ryan. In 1934 Raskob, inspired by the French fascist Croix de Feu, and working closely with Morgan Bank's John Davis, had been a principal financier in the plot to organize a fascist coup in the U.S. The plan failed when General Smedley Butler, who had been set up to lead the project, denounced it."
Quote:
In 1941, Cardinal Spellman had become the "Grand Protector" and "Spiritual Advisor" to the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM), the American association of which was created in 1927.
http://www.larouchepub.com/other/200..._synarchy.html

Quote:
Cardinal Spellman -- Religious leader in New York, he was a protegé of Cardinal Pacelli, Pope Pius XII, who is often accused of collaboration with the Nazis. [92] Spellman is the U.S. spiritual leader of the Knights of Malta.[93] He is responsible for introducing Ngo Dinh Diem to Allen Dulles, and then proposing his presidency of South Vietnam to President Kennedy. [94] When Diem resisted the introduction of American troops into Vietnam, Dulles told General Westmoreland to go ahead anyway, and our CIA helped to kill Diem]
http://www.ratical.org/ratville//JFK...dAmericans.pdf

Quote:
Documents show that New York's Cardinal Francis Spellman was directly involved in the 1954 right-wing military coup of Guatemala, which led to the murder of thousands, and of which the CIA has acknowledged complicity. He has also been linked to neo-Nazi group "P2" and the Mafia by his long involvement with "P2" member Archbishop Paul Marcinkus of Chicago, former head of the Vatican Bank, who was under serious suspicion by Italian authorities for the untimely death of Pope John Paul I. Cardinal Spellman was not only an old friend of CIA creator "Wild Bill" Donovan (who previously had a law firm in New York) but was the actual head of the Knights of Malta in America throughout the 40's, 50's and 60's, and was responsible for vast sums of money raised from its members, who have to pay thousands annually to remain in the order.

His Eminence Cardinal Spellman, "Grand Protector" of the Knights of Malta, worked with Pope Pius XII to help Nazi war criminals escape justice. According to Frederic Laurent (*L'Orchestre Noir. Pairs: Editions Stock, 1978),

All studies [of the post-WWII nazi networks] have shown the determining role played by the Catholic Church in the flight of war criminals. Since April 1943, following negotiations between Pius XII and the ultra reactionary American archbishop Francis Spellman, the Holy See became the clandestine center of Anglo-American espionage in Italy. This collaboration in fact had begun the previous year... between Earl Brennan, a veteran of the American State Department and Gian Battista Montini, at the time a bishop and Under-Secretary of State at the Vatican. This close collaboration between the future [Pope] Paul VI and the American secret services continued after the war through the [CIA] intermediary James Angleton...
http://www.voxfux.com/features/knightsofmalta.html

Quote:
Francis Cardinal Spellman - Jesuit-trained at Fordham University in New York and the American College in Rome; Archbishop of Rome's wealthiest and most powerful Diocese; "Military Vicar" of the American Empire controlling the Knights of Malta, Shriner Freemasonry, the Knights of Columbus and the Mafia's Commission;
http://www.vaticanassassins.org/fran...l_spellman.htm

Quote:
In 1927, the Rome-based SMOM authorized the establishment of an American chapter, whose members did not have to prove their aristocratic lineage. Its Treasurer and lay controller was John J. Raskob, the bitterly anti-FDR head of the Democratic National Committee, who in 1934 helped finance a coup attempt against Roosevelt. Its Grand Protector and Spiritual Advisor was Cardinal Francis Spellman of New York, one of whose closest Cold War associates was Time/Life publisher and Congress for Cultural Freedom co-founder Henry Luce.
http://larouchepub.com/other/2005/32...ck_prince.html

Quote:
In 1927, His Eminence, Patrick Cardinal Hayes was selected as the [SMOM] group’s first Chaplain.[7] It was through Cardinal Hayes that the relationship between the Order and American Catholics became formalized[8].

Additionally, the [SMOM] Association was soon to receive the protection and guidance of Francis Cardinal Spellman.[9] He had originally became aware of the American Knights while a Monsignor in Rome working as an assistant to Mr. Edward Hearn (a founding member of the American Association),[10] and his connection with the Association strengthened over the next few years.

Spellman possessed an exceptional ability to achieve things both political and economic. As a political manager and businessman, he had few equals within the Church[11].

Spellman, while auxiliary bishop of Boston became the American Order’s official church patron. After becoming archbishop of New York in 1939, Spellman’s fame and political power continued to grow. He also never failed in bringing near constant praise to the American Association as he continued to collect enormous funds earmarked to various Catholic projects. By 1941 Francis Cardinal Spellman was listed as the ‘Grand Protector’ and ‘Spiritual Advisor’ of the Association (see fn. 9). Using his inherent talent, drive, and devotion to the Association, Cardinal Spellman was able to enlist the aid of some of America’s elite, including: John J. Raskob, chairman of General Motors; John Farrell, then president of U.S. Steel; Joseph P. Grace of W.R. Grace & Co.; Joseph Kennedy, a Boston entrepreneur; George MacDonald of Pennsylvania; and John D. Ryan.
[...]
fn.9:
Spellman was a Monsignor when he became involved with the Association and later on becoming Archbishop of New York called himself ‘Grand Protector’ of the Association. For his ‘protection’ of the Association, Cardinal Spellman was later made a Knight of Magistral Grace. In many ways, however, he proved not to be a fitting choice.
http://users.panola.com/AAGHS/ARTICLES/MALTA.html

Quote:
The American Association of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (Knights of Malta, SMOM) was founded in 1927. "By 1941 Francis Cardinal Spellman was listed as the 'Grand Protector' and 'Spritual Advisor' of the Order, with John J. Raskob as Treasurer. Members included John Farrell, then President of U.S. Steel, Joseph P. Grace, and John D. Ryan. In 1934 Raskob, inspired by the French fascist Croix de Feu, and working closely with Morgan Bank's John Davis, had been a principal financier in the plot to organize a fascist coup in the U.S. The plan failed when General Smedley Butler, who had been set up to lead the project, denounced it."

His Eminence Cardinal Spellman, "Grand Protector" of the Knights of Malta, worked with Pope Pius XII to help Nazi war criminals escape justice. According to Frederic Laurent (*L'Orchestre Noir. Pairs: Editions Stock, 1978),

All studies [of the post-WWII nazi networks] have shown the
determining role played by the Catholic Church in the
flight of war criminals. Since April 1943, following
negotiations between Pius XII and the ultra reactionary
American archbishop Francis Spellman, the Holy See became
the clandestine center of Anglo-American espionage in
Italy. This collaboration in fact had begun the previous
year... between Earl Brennan, a veteran of the American
State Department and Gian Battista Montini, at the time a
bishop and Under-Secretary of State at the Vatican. This
close collaboration between the future [Pope] Paul VI and
the American secret services continued after the war
through the [CIA] intermediary James Angleton...
http://www.io.com/~patrik/malta.htm

Quote:
Many of the approximately 1,500 Americans who subsequently joined the knighthood also enjoyed the rituals of induction at the local cathedral and the ceremonies in honor of the order's patron, St. John. But for others, SMOM was more than pomp and circumstance-it was a source of money and power.

Among the latter was New York's Cardinal Francis Spellman, at one time the most powerful Catholic churchman in the United States. He became involved with the American branch of SMOM almost from its founding and was the order's official church patron in the United States when he was auxiliary bishop of Boston. After he became archbishop of New York in 1939, he changed his title to "Grand Protector" [apparently to distinguish it from that of King Leopold and Queen Wilhelmina, who were mere "protectors" of the Belgian and Dutch branches of the Knights].

Spellman enjoyed the support of the right wing of the curia, particularly Cardinal Nicola Canali, who dominated Vatican finances, and Canali authorized his monopoly over Knight appointments in the United States. The quid pro quo was that, instead of sending the American Knights' contributions to SMOM headquarters in Rome, Spellman funneled the money into Canali's coffers. When SMOM's grand master demanded an accounting from Spellman, he got no answer. No action was taken against Spellman, however, because at the time the order was fighting for its life against Canali, who wanted to gain control of its wealth.

Spellman's financial contributions to the Vatican, his friendship with Pius XII and his access to U.S. economic and political elites, some of them Knights, gave him immense power, and by World War II he had become the Vatican's go-between with the White House and its proconsul in Latin America.

[Cardinal Spellman did more than any other single person to get the USA to support the Roman Catholic ruling class of Vietnam .... JP]

When Spruille Braden, U.S. ambassador to Colombia during the early 1940s, complained about the anti-American tone of a pastoral letter issued by Colombian Archbishop Ismael Perdomo, Spellman sent a personal emissary to Bogota to lecture Perdomo on the need for cooperation in the war effort. At this meeting, which took place in Braden's presence, the archbishop was instructed to show Braden anything he wrote about the United States before releasing it. Braden was impressed. "It was good theater," he said.

Spellman also played an important role as emissary between the White House and Rome as, for example, in relaying the pope's concern about Allied bombings of Italy. And he encouraged Vatican cooperation with the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), the wartime forerunner of the CIA that was headed by his old friend General William ("Wild Bill") Donovan.
http://www.mosquitonet.com/~prewett/ncrmay890910.html

Quote:
Spellman, Francis Cardinal36 SMOM • 9th Bishop, 6th Archbishop, Roman Catholic
Diocese, New York
• D. 1967
• Grand Prior of Sovereign Order of Malta (SMOM)

http://www.learn-usa.com/relevant_to..._Influence.pdf

Social Network Diagram:

http://www.namebase.org/cgi-bin/nb06...ANCIS_CARDINAL

Sources:

Quote:
SPELLMAN FRANCIS CARDINAL
Italy 1948 Guatemala 1952-1954

* Aarons,M. Loftus,J. Unholy Trinity. 1992 (132, 196-7)
* Blum,W. The CIA: A Forgotten History. 1986 (82-3)
* Chester,E. Covert Network. 1995 (147, 162)
* Constantine,A. Psychic Dictatorship in the U.S.A. 1995 (215)
* Cooney,J. The American Pope. 1984
* Corson,W. The Armies of Ignorance. 1977 (301)
* Davis,D. Katharine the Great. 1987 (243-4)
* DiFonzo,L. St.Peter's Banker. 1983 (8 )
* Donner,F. Protectors of Privilege. 1990 (47)
* Gibson,J. The Perfect War: Technowar in Vietnam. 1986 (69)
* Heidenry,J. Theirs Was the Kingdom. 1993 (512)
* Hepburn,J. Farewell America. 1968 (60)
* Hersh,B. The Old Boys. 1992 (344)
* Hinckle,W. If You Have a Lemon, Make Lemonade. 1990 (145-6)
* Kessler,R. The Sins of the Father. 1997 (1, 125-6, 171, 329, 337-8, 358-9)
* Lernoux,P. People of God. 1989 (171, 285-6, 289)
* McCoy,A. The Politics of Heroin in S.E. Asia. 1973 (149)
* Mother Jones 1983-07 (24-5)
* NACLA. Guatemala. 1974 (69)
* Nikitin,V. The Ultras in the USA. 1981 (101)
* Parapolitics/USA 1982-03-31 (33)
* Pepper,W. Orders to Kill. 1995 (120-1)
* Ramparts. Vietnam Primer. 1968 (5, 9-10, 16-9)
* Saunders,F. The Cultural Cold War. 2000 (131)
* Schlesinger,S. Kinzer,S. Bitter Fruit. 1983 (155)
* Seldes,G. One Thousand Americans. 1947 (127)
* Shultz,R. The Secret War Against Hanoi. 1999 (16)
* Simpson,C. Blowback. 1988 (91)
* Summers,A. Official and Confidential. 1993 (158, 249, 254-5, 356)
* Swanberg,W.A. Luce and His Empire. 1972 (253, 341, 354)
* Tosches,N. Power on Earth. 1986 (122-3)
* Trento,J. The Secret History of the CIA. 2001 (332)
* Yallop,D. In God's Name. 1985 (119)

pages cited this search: 65
http://www.namebase.org/cgi-bin/nb01...ANCIS_CARDINAL
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Old 11-09-2010, 06:02 PM   #15
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John Jakob Raskob - DuPont and GM Top Executive; Builder of the Empire State Building; Political Mover and Shaker

Quote:
John Jakob Raskob (1879-1950) was a financial executive and businessman for DuPont and General Motors, and the builder of the Empire State Building. He was chairman of the Democratic National Committee and a key supporter of Alfred E. Smith's candidacy for President of the United States. After Franklin D. Roosevelt became President, Raskob was a prominent opponent of the New Deal through his support of a number of anti-Roosevelt organizations including the American Liberty League. Raskob was also a leader in the Association Against the Prohibition Amendment.

Career

He was hired in 1901 by Pierre du Pont as a personal secretary. In 1911, he became assistant treasurer of DuPont, in 1914 treasurer, and in 1918 vice-president for finance of both DuPont and General Motors (Raskob had been an early investor in General Motors and had engineered DuPont's ownership of 43% of GM, purchased from the financially troubled William C. Durant.

While with GM, he led the creation of General Motors Acceptance Corporation, the corporation that allowed GM dealers to offer installment credit directly to customers. He also promoted the use of standard financial statistics to measure the performance of different operations within a diversified company, primarily through his associate Donaldson Brown.

Raskob was very bullish in the stock market in the 1920s and wrote an article for Ladies Home Journal entitled "Everybody Ought to be Rich." He suggested that every American could become wealthy by investing $15 per week in common stocks.

Raskob held the head financial job at both GM and DuPont until 1928, when he resigned from GM in a dispute with chairman Alfred P. Sloan. He had supported Democratic presidential candidate Al Smith in the 1928 election, and Smith invited Raskob to become chairman of the Democratic National Committee. Sloan, a supporter of Herbert Hoover, insisted that Raskob resign either from GM or the DNC. Raskob left GM after the board supported Sloan, sold his GM stock, and used the proceeds to build the Empire State Building. Raskob made Smith president of the Empire State Co., that operated the building, based on a promise to do business together the night that Smith lost the presidential election. Raskob served as chairman of the DNC through 1932. He continued to promote the Smith candidacy as Chairman of the DNC, and to advocate for the adoption of an anti-prohibition policy. Both of these positions were opposed by different factions within the Democratic Party, and in 1932, when Franklin D. Roosevelt won the party's nomination, and the election, Raskob withdrew from politics. He was later involved with the American Liberty League, an anti-New Deal organization active around the time of the 1936 election.

Among his long-time achievements, John J. Raskob is well known in the Claymont and Wilmington Delaware areas for building the "Patio" at what is now Archmere Academy in the late 1920s. The Patio was originally his residence, and one of its most significant features is a fountain made of marble, which has each of his 13 children sculpted around the side. Archmere Academy, which has built many buildings since, is now a thriving school, and one of the top high schools in Delaware.

Raskob's business interests from this time were focused on the Empire State Building, but also included extensive precious metal mining interests in Nevada and New Mexico. Raskob remained with DuPont until his retirement from the company in 1946.

Raskob had 13 children, and lost one son, William F. Raskob II, to an auto accident at the age of 20, establishing a charitable foundation in his honor which survives to this day.[1]. In 1921, he was appointed a Knight of St. Gregory by Pope Pius XI, recognizing him for his contributions.[2] After his death, a substantial amount of his wealth went to support the Raskob Foundation for Catholic Activities which had been founded in the mid-1940s, and remains one of the largest family-operating charitable foundations in the U.S.[3] In 2006, RFCA was chaired by William F. Raskob III. John J. Raskob is buried at Cathedral Cemetery in the city of Wilmington, DE.[citations needed]
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_J._Raskob

Quote:
The treasurer of the SMOM was none other than John J. Raskob, the head of the Democratic National Committee (DNC), who opposed Franklin D. Roosevelt in his campaign to win the Democratic Presidential nomination in 1932, and who in 1934, inspired by the French fascist Croix de Feu, and working closely with Morgan Bank's John Davis, was the principal financier of the fascist coup plot against FDR.
http://www.larouchepub.com/other/200..._synarchy.html

Quote:
Immensely wealthy American financier gave an interview to Samuel Crowther of the Ladies' Home Journal in which he proposed that everyone invest heavily in the stock market. In fact, he advocated buying stocks on margin:

Suppose a man marries at the age of twenty-three and begins a regular savings of fifteen dollars a month -- and almost anyone who is employed can do that if he tries. If he invests in good common stocks and allows the dividends and rights to accumulate, he will at the end of twenty years have at least eighty thousand dollars[...] I am firm in my belief than anyone not only can be rich but ought to be rich.

Raskob's scenario implies a phenomenal 26% annual yield on the young man's stock investments. As it happens, the article (entitled Everybody Ought to be Rich) arrived at newsstands in August 1929, just two months before the calamitous market crash.

Raskob was among the plotters attempting to depose Franklin D. Roosevelt by force in 1933. Smedley Butler ultimately blew the whistle on the scheme.

Brother: William Frederick Raskob
Wife: Helena Springer Green (12 children)

DuPont (1900-46)
Member of the Board of General Motors (1915-28)
Democratic National Committee Chairman (1931-32)
Democratic National Committee Chairman (1929)

Knights of Malta Treasurer
http://www.nndb.com/people/197/000058023/

Quote:
In 1927, Raskob cofounded the U.S. association of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, a secretive Catholic order, based in Rome, with supposed origins in medieval crusaders who ruled Malta and Rhodes. Considered by some a sovereign state, it has diplomatic relations with 49 countries, its own passports and stamps. U.S. members included John Farrell (U.S. Steel), Joseph Kennedy (JFK’s father), New York’s Cardinal Francis Spellman, and CIA directors William Casey, William Colby and John McCone.
http://coat.ncf.ca/our_magazine/links/53/raskob.html


Quote:
File: Title: Dates: Items
1276 Knights of Malta 1926-1930 50

Publications and press clippings concerning the establishment
of a chapter of the Catholic honorary organization in America,
to be comprised mainly of prominent Catholic businessmen;
arrangements for meetings of American Knights and
correspondence concerning appointments and selections of
members, and congratulatory messages on JJR's appointment.

[...]

2356 Vatican 1927-1950 125

Contents:
Correspondence with Vatican officials, Frank Spellman (see
also file 2152), Giuseppe Pizzardo (file 1836), Edward Hearn
(file 1061) and Ambassador Dwight Morrow (file 1594).
Topics include Vatican financial matters; anticlericalism in
Mexico; JJR's appointments as Knight of Malta and Papal
Chamberlain; JJR's support of Papal charities and causes,
including donation of $43,000 in support of the writing and
publishing of an authoritative history of church doctrine;
arrangements finishing and shipping Cadillac to Mons.
Pizzardo, a gift of JJR; [...]
http://www.hagley.org/raskob/raskob-inventory.pdf

Quote:
The American Association of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta
(Knights of Malta, SMOM) was founded in 1927. "By 1941 Francis
Cardinal Spellman was listed as the 'Grand Protector' and
'Spritual Advisor' of the Order, with John J. Raskob as
Treasurer. Members included John Farrell, then President of U.S.
Steel, Joseph P. Grace, and John D. Ryan. In 1934 Raskob,
inspired by the French fascist Croix de Feu, and working closely
with Morgan Bank's John Davis, had been a principal financier in
the plot to organize a fascist coup in the U.S. The plan failed
when General Smedley Butler, who had been set up to lead the
project, denounced it."
http://www.io.com/~patrik/malta.htm

Quote:
Using his inherent talent, drive, and devotion to the Association, Cardinal Spellman was able to enlist the aid of some of America’s elite, including: John J. Raskob, chairman of General Motors; John Farrell, then president of U.S. Steel; Joseph P. Grace of W.R. Grace & Co.; Joseph Kennedy, a Boston entrepreneur; George MacDonald of Pennsylvania; and John D. Ryan.
http://users.panola.com/AAGHS/ARTICLES/MALTA.html

Quote:
Raskob, John J. SMOM • built Empire State Building • D. 1950
http://www.learn-usa.com/relevant_to..._Influence.pdf


Other sites mentioning Raskob being a SMOM member:
Social Network Diagram:

http://www.namebase.org/cgi-bin/nb06?_RASKOB_JOHN_J
Sources:

Quote:
RASKOB JOHN J

* Chernow,R. The House of Morgan. 1990 (302-3, 371-2)
* Colby,G. DuPont Dynasty. 1984 (401-3)
* Cooney,J. The American Pope. 1984 (39-40)
* CounterSpy 1976-SP (22)
* Lernoux,P. People of God. 1989 (284)
* Lundberg,F. The Rich and the Super-Rich. 1969 (81, 204)
* Perloff,J. The Shadows of Power. 1988 (54)
* Seldes,G. One Thousand Americans. 1947 (178, 202, 205, 226-7, 258, 297)
* Vankin,J. Whalen,J. The 60 Greatest Conspiracies. 1998 (236-7)

pages cited this search: 23
http://www.namebase.org/cgi-bin/nb01?_RASKOB_JOHN_J
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